(Left) Wide bands of browns and yellow, with some saved white, are commonly used for wood decking.

(Right) Using wide bands of brown, with some bands of pumpkin orange and tan, will make for a darker wood.


(Left) Wide brown bands mixed with peach bands, along with white, suggest a softer-colored wood deck.

(Right) Wood grain, drawn with long slight arcs, can be colored in with browns, tans, and yellow for a cedar deck.

Material Combinations

(Left) Peach and tan are used to cre­ate a mottled concrete character, with brick and peach colors for the edging.

(Right) Provide strong changes in con­trast, with colors and line types, when delineating several adjacent materials.

Material Combinations

(Left) Stronger contrast will occur when completely different colors are used for differ...




(Left) Varying the pressure of tan and peach colors, in different direc­tions, helps create a mottled character.

(Right) A single color, with varied pressures in opposite 45-degree direc­tions, implies subtle changes in value.


(Left) Grays and tans can be mixed to­gether, with varied pressures, to indicate different shades of colored concrete.

(Right) Tans and peach colors are also easily mixed, with varied pressures, to es­tablish a mottled concrete character.

Brick or Concrete Pavers (Left) Varied widths of rust and orange frayed lines, along with some saved white, provide for a running bond pattern. (Right) Peach, along with wide bands of rust color and some saved white, pro­vide for a soft brick color.

Brick or Concrete Pavers

(Left) Bands of red and brick colors...



(Left) Use light and medium green for the plants against a 45-degree an­gled pattern of dark green with some yellow.

(Right) More contrast is evident with yellow and orange plants against a blue and green swirled ground cover.

(Left) Use violet and pink ornamen­tal plants against a light green pattern drawn in opposite 45-degree angled direction.

(Right) White-tinted plants allow for a strong contrast against a darker, two- directional patterned background.

(Left) A partial yellow outline, along with the white tint, highlights the plants against a darker green pep­pered swirl.

(Right) The bright yellow tinted plants have a sharp contrast with the vio­let and light green swirled ground cover.

(Left) The green ground cover can be darkened near the edges of the plants to create a stronger...



Lawn Area (Left) Use medium to wide lines in opposite 45-degree an­gles to an edge and add peppering to emphasize the edge.

Lawn Area (Right) Use medium to wide lines in one 45-degree direction to depict a faintly seen directional pattern.

Lawn Area with Contours (Left)

Highlight each contour line with pep­pering and fade from darker to lighter from one edge.

Lawn Area (Right) With a consistent softness, fade the peppering and the color intensity from one edge to another.

Lawn with Contour Lines (Left)

Green “hachure lines” (perpendicular to contours) can be used to render a sloped hillside.

Two Ground Covers (Right) A

subtle change in ground covers can be accomplished with a different line type and a little yellow.

Three Ground Covers (Left) A dark green scallop, a light tan peppere...



Figure 15-4 illustrates the color effects of Sanford Prismacolor Pencils. Figure 15—5 illustrates the effects of various black markers.

Figure 15-4

Sanford Prismacolor Pencils

1. Spring Green

PC 913

11. Rose

PC 929

2. Apple Green

PC 912

12. Lilac

PC 956

3. Grass Green

PC 909

13. Light Cerulean Blue

PC 904

4. Peacock Green

PC 907

14. True Blue

PC 903

5. Olive Green

PC 911

15. Warm Gray 30%

PC 1052

6. Sunburst Yellow

PC 917

16. Sand

PC 940

7. Orange

PC 918

17. Henne


8. Pumpkin Orange

PC 1032

18. Black

PC 935

9. Scarlet Lake

PC 923

19. Peach

PC 939

10. Terra Cotta

PC 944

20. Burnt Ochre

PC 943

Black Markers

Staedtier Permanent Lumocolor S

Staedtier Permanent L...



Figure 15—1, 15—2, and 15—3 identify, define, and illustrate 16 basic line types that are used in all the landscape design drawings found in this textbook and in profes­sional design work. Figure 15—1 shows the following types of lines:

1. Simple

• A plain straight line.

2. Blip

• A plain straight line interrupted with a series of slight bumps (blips).

3. Fray

• A plain straight line with one end emphasized and the other tapering out.

4. Meander

• A smooth curved line in a back-and-forth movement.

5. Wave

• A meandering line with repetitive back-and-forth movement.

6. Arc

• A smooth curved line in one direction.

7. Pepper

• A series of dots to highlight the edge of a form or material.

8. Echo

• Repeating any line type with a lighter or thinner line.

9. Box

• A squa...


Rendering Landscape Design Drawings in Color


Landscape design includes the development of plans, sections, elevations, and some­times perspective sketches. These are key tools to help clients understand the pro­posed design. The more convincing the drawings are in depicting content and charac­ter, the easier it will be to sell the design. It goes without saying that good graphic quality is essential for landscape designers. Landscape drawings are often produced in black-and-white format. Although black-and-white drawings can have a high level of graphic quality, there is something else that can add significant value in clearly por­traying and selling a landscape design: Black-and-white photographs can tell the basic story of an image, but color provides a deeper understanding and adds more interest to a photograph...


Front Entry Plan—Option C (Figure 14-41, bottom right drawing)

This alternative for the front entry space has the same major front entry space as Option B, with several mod­ifications. The central viewing garden provides for a more permanent access. It consists of an alternating pattern of stone paving and annual flower beds with a narrow central stone walk. The ornamental urn, on center with the bay window, is set apart with a brick paved area and a low wrought-iron railing. The south­ernmost portion of the garden focuses on a specimen ornamental shrub, a background of higher shrubs, a large bed of annual color or ground cover adjacent to it, and a curved hedge to reflect the front entry wall.

Front Entry Plan—Option B (Figure 14-41, top left drawing)

This alternative for the front entry space offers the fol­lowing...


Side Yard

Existing (Figure 14-38, left) This side yard is like many other narrow side yards. It seems just large enough to include a variety of shrubs along the side of the house, dif­ferent shrubs along the fence line, a walkway through and into the front yard, and a few trees placed near the property line. Oftentimes, these spaces have little sun and make for sparse lawn areas. These types of spaces are usually linear in quality because of the limited space on the site. The challenge is to create a visually appealing space that also provides access.

Proposed (Figure 14-38, right) This could be an optimal space to use and view as a potted garden...