ANATOMY OF A SLAB.-AND-STICK CHAIR

 

Peg (page 63)

Secures the slats in the post mortises. Like the wedges, the pegs are made of a contrasting hardwood for visual appeal

 

Slat mortise (page 61)

Pouted with mortising hit while post is still square

 

Slat (page 63)

Usually spaced an equal distance from adjoining slats. The curve should fit com­fortably against the back of the person who will use the chair

 

Seat (page 54)

Usually 1A to 2 inches thick; made of kiln – dried, edge-glued boards and cut to size. Various hand and power tools can be used to shape the seat to conform to human form. Green wood can also be used; it is easier to shape than kiln-dried wood

 

Kerfed tenon (page 56)

Cuts are made with back – saw or band saw to accept wood wedges; in green wood assembly, a chisel can be used to split the tenon after it is installed in the mortise

 

Side stretcher

Measured when legs are in place and cut to size before turning

 

Wedge (page 53)

Contrasting hardwood wedge secures the leg tightly in the mortise

 

Leg (page 56)

 

Front stretcher (page 56)

Installed higher than side stretcher to discourage its use as a foot rest, which can lead to breakage; stretchers serve to provide proper ten­sion to the leg assembly

 

Sack stretcher

Measured when legs are in place and cut to size before turning

 

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ANATOMY OF A SLAB.-AND-STICK CHAIR

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CUTTING LIST

PIECE

QTY.

TH.

Seat

1

IK’

Legs

4

1 w

Side stretchers

2

v

Back stretcher

1

V

Front stretcher

1

7АШ

Posts

2

Уг

Slats

4

Pegs and wedges

6 each

Making and using a cutting list

A cutting list records the finished sizes of the wood needed for a project. If you buy plans, a list may be included; otherwise you will have to make your own based on a drawing of the design. Lumber is often sold in board feet. As explained on page 16, 1 board foot is equivalent to a piece of wood 1 inch thick, 12 inches wide, and 12 inches long. Once you have tallied up the number of board feet for all the pieces, you

W.

L.

MATERIAL

16 v

16V

cherry

IK’

18*

cherry

14V

cherry

%•

13 У*

cherry

Zb

12V

cherry

IK’

20*

cherry

IV

14*

cherry

contrasting

hardwood

would normally add an extra 20 to 30 percent to account for defects in the wood and waste. Add at least 50 percent for chairs, however, as there is inevitably more waste because the appearance of each element is of critical importance. For the chair project shown in this chapter, which totals roughly 5 board feet, you should order at least 8 board feet and you could quite easily use 10.

4

і;

5

І

I?

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! *3

І! 5

! в3

■З

II

II

 

Made from green wood, the three – legged milking stool shown at left is a simplified version of the slab – and-stick chair built in this chapter. The rungs are attached to the legs with round mortise-and-tenons, while the legs are joined to the sad­dle-type seat with a wedged version of the same joint.

 

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ANATOMY OF A SLAB.-AND-STICK CHAIR