Panoramic views

These are usually obtained at high points such as cliff edges, mountain tops or the edges of steep escarpments. The broad sweep of the view should be unimpeded by foreground trees, bushes or artefacts. The immediate foreground to the view should be as simple as possible to avoid competing with the splendour of the scene. Vegetation management to maintain this is essential, especially where low growth impedes the view obtained by children or wheelchair users. If the view is from a cliff where a barrier is needed for safety purposes, then this should be designed as simply as possible so as not to upstage the landscape.

The approach to a panoramic view should ideally conceal it until the last minute so that its drama or grandeur is emphasized. This can give a memorable first impression.

Canopied views

At the edge of a forest the canopy of tree branches can frame the view between the ground and trees. The foreground trees give a reference point to the scale of the view beyond, and provide a sense of safe enclosure looking out to a more distant landscape. To be effective, canopied views are best developed where mature trees with well-defined horizontal branching are present. Clean tree-boles and an unimpeded forest floor lend weight to the sense of an open volume.