Data Analysis

To analyze roles of TEK in local communities attitudes toward wild elephants, we used interviewee age to signify the change in TEK; then, we considered factors

Table 10.1 Categories of factors influencing local communities’ attitudes toward wild elephants

Levels

Category

1

2

3

4

Methods to mitigate

elephant-related problem

Planting food resources

Building

obstacles

Expelling

Unknown

Coexistence with elephants

Indifferent

Impossible

Opposition

Unknown

Table 10.2 Cultivated land

area and costs of elephant-related problems in 16 villages (2010)

Village

Cultivated

land

area (hm2)

Elephant-related problems cost (¥)

Village

Cultivated

land

area (hm2)

Elephant-related problems cost (¥)

Xiamancha

248.20

250,000

Manwaxinzhai

427.27

72,000

Cicaitang

124.00

55,000

Nanlang

424.67

30,000

Shangguokou

129.07

3,000

Nanbeng

120.00

15,000

Xiaopingzhang

175.47

24,000

Mandan

207.93

7,000

Xinlongshan

215.33

46,000

Manlang

144.00

6,000

Xintianba

370.73

220,000

Shangzhongliang

203.80

50,000

Xinshan

413.20

100,000

Hetu

442.00

87,000

Tiaobahe

343.00

82,000

Nanping

203.73

40,000

Note: hm2, square hectometer (hectare)

including community knowledge regarding methods to mitigate elephant-related problems and coexistence with elephants. The influencing factors were grouped into four levels, as listed in Table 10.1. To analyze effects of agricultural expansion on elephant-related problems, we analyzed the relationship between cultivated land area and costs of elephant-related problems (Table 10.2). All statistical analysis used SPSS Statistics 17.0 with bivariate correlation analysis.