This study primarily recognize national and subnational experiences on REDD+ readiness with the following objectives:
a. To acknowledge the current status of REDD+ in Indonesia
b. To comprehend the challenge of a REDD+ financial mechanism in Indonesia
c. To assess the knowledge level and realize the opinion on the REDD+ program in the provincial level: case study of Central Sulawesi Province REDD+ Working Group
19.2 Study Area
There are 46 REDD+ projects in Indonesia. Indonesia is one of the pilot countries, undertaking the UN-REDD Programme Indonesia. This project is jointly managed by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the Ministry of Forestry of Indonesia.
After public discussions involving stakeholders at both national and provincial levels, the Ministry of Forestry designated Central Sulawesi Province as an UN-REDD Programme Indonesia project site in 2010. Central Sulawesi Province was selected for the following reasons: a 60 % forest cover with a 2 % rate of deforestation and forest degradation, a relatively high carbon density, a supportive local government, and because Sulawesi is still underrepresented in REDD projects compared to Kalimantan and Sumatera (UNREDD Programme 2010).
The objective of the UN-REDD Programme Indonesia is “to support Indonesia in attaining REDD-Readiness.” More specifically, this implies strengthening multistakeholder participation and consensus at the national level, to succeed in demonstration of establishing a REL, MRV, and fair payment systems based on the national REDD+ strategy, to provide a toolkit for priority setting toward carbon benefits and co-benefits, and to develop capacity building to implement REDD+ at local levels.
The UN-REDD Indonesia Programme was selected as a case study because this project was the only project in Indonesia that is managed by the United Nations organizations (UNDP, UNEP, FAO) and this project has established a REDD+ working group. Therefore, this project has become a role model of REDD+ implementation in Indonesia