Stakeholders of the Preservation Movement

There were three kinds of stakeholders (Fig. 3.5).

1. A decision-making body: the mayor and the department of city planning.

2. Groups of neutral position: such as the City Planning council, other committees, councils, and the Assembly of Bunkyo Ward.

3. Groups of people who wanted to preserve Motomachi Park.

There were many different groups of people with different interests involved in the movement, including

1. Academic societies, university researchers, and students.

2. Citizen activity groups, who had thematic interests and goals. Most of them were already introduced in “Citizens Actions and Events.” These groups were interested in history, culture, preserving historic architectures, gardening, and environmental issues. Some of the members were active and joined several groups. Some of the groups had link to many other groups outside the ward. “PapattoKaigi @ Motomachi Park” was a group organized for the Movement.

3. Associations of local communities, residents, and shopping districts.

4. Alumni Association of Motomachi elementary school.

5. Parents of Public Schoolchildren. Bunkyo Ward’s “Domino Toppling Plan,” referred to in Sect. 3.1, was not welcome by the parents of public schoolchildren. The parents, who were discontented with the plan, joined the movement (Fujiwara interviewed 2011).

There were groups with different backgrounds and interests united for the same goal. It was one of the key factors to successful movement, although it was not easy to form a network with various groups of people with different interests. In the case of the Motomachi Park movement, key persons knew how to communicate with others and formed organic networks through their experiences. They had learned these things through participating in events and daily activities for a long time.