Continuity, Unity, and Variety

Подпись: Figure 6.10 Continuity—wall seating at Woodland Cemetery, Stockholm, Sweden. Photography by Jim Postell, 2006. The wall-mounted wood paneling that transforms into a sinu­soidal bench in Gunnar Asplund’s chapel at the Woodland Cemetery in Stockholm, Sweden, expresses continuity, unity, and variety. The panels are evenly modulated and create a datum (unifying reference) from which the sinusoidal bench gives variety to the otherwise rect­angular elements and planar surfaces. The uninterrupted plane of the laminated plywood gives continuity, and the integration of wall and furniture in material and form gives unity to the design (Figure 6.10). Unity and continuity underscore fundamental princi­ples of design that draw together part-to-whole relationships.

Variation is expressed through differences and distinctions per­ceived within the bounds of constancy and regularity. The regularity of the vertical supports in Charles and Ray Eames’s Eames Storage Unit (ESU) expresses continuity (see Chapter 4). The supports estab­lish a repeatable pattern, while the lacquered Masonite panels give variation to the design through their placement and color. Unity is achieved in the dynamic interplay between the unit’s components and its geometric order.