rnamental horticulture is a multifaceted industry which offers challenging employment opportunities. Those who have a basic understanding of plant science, its applications to practical growing situations, the crafts of horticulture, and business practices as applied in horticulture will find themselves better prepared to accept the challenges of the industry.

Ornamental Horticulture: Science, Operations, & Management, 4th Edition, was written because the author saw an educational need not being served by texts previously available to students. The texts either presented the science of horticulture at too high a level and in too much depth, or provided merely an overview of the industry techniques with­out giving the necessary scientific basis of those techniques. As a result, these text fail to provide the necessary blend of theory and practical application that makes the subject more meaningful to the beginning student. Ornamental Horticulture: Science, Operations, & Management, 4th Edition, fulfills this need for the beginning student who has no prior academic training or work experience in the industry. It is the author’s intent to write a truly comprehensive text that will inspire the beginning ornamental horticulturist with an initial enthusiasm for the subject and sustain it throughout the program.