Category New Waterscapes

Toppilansaari Park in Oulu

 

Tangentially staggered paths accompany the rainwater in swales on its way out to sea.

Connection plazas have clear wall elements which give the ‘flowing park’ an anchor and space for relaxation and play.

The park ‘flows’ over the street crossing and thus has priority.

 

Few, apart from the Finnish, know where Oulu is. A town tucked away at the furthest reaches of the Baltic Sea, just 160 kilometres south of the polar circle, it is not the sleepy stop-over one might expect. World leaders in mobile telecommunications and advanced medical and electronic technology have chosen to base their businesses in Oulu. It is the city with the highest rate of economic growth in Finland and, consequently, there is high demand for attractive, affordable housing.

Toppilansaari, a half i...

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The Scharnhauser Park in Ostfildern

 

Barracks architecture traditionally has little in common with the quality of life. The buildings are arranged and developed from a purely functional point of view, and people are not inten – The original barracks and ded to feel particularly at home. And

the topographical structure. at the time the people who commission­

ed them were scarcely concerned to address the ecological consequences of building. The Allied Forces have been Topography and urban leaving Germany and going home for

structure of the area years now. Quite frequently they leave

as a whole run-down military accommodation

behind, often extensive sites that had little money spent on them and that are usually more of an inherited problem than a welcome gift.

But these sites also have their own potential...

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Rainwater retention on the Kronsberg in Hanover

 

Rainwater is stored temporarily in the sloping avenue open spaces and then runs down to the bottom of the slope in a little stream.

 

We heard a great deal about the Kronsberg – before and after Expo 2000. But when the bulldozers have finally moved away, perhaps it will only be the local residents who find their way up this 43 metre hill. Which would be a pity. Whatever else happened, the Kronsberg development was one of the exhibits off the main World Fair site that was marketed and realized under the motto ‘Man – Nature – Technology’ as a model ecological project. As is well known, this challenge was not met in all fields.

One field in which it was successful, however, was the rainwater manage­ment in this new urban district of 130 hectares...

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Think global, act local

Подпись: Wolfgang F. Geiger

Подпись: oo
Think global, act local

Water is neither inexhaustible nor invulnerable. But the intensity with which it is used today tends to ignore these facts, as we increasingly exploit and pollute this gift of nature that is so essential for life. If we do not want to have to dig for our own water in future, we must think co-opera­tively, decentralize, and establish autonomous systems for water use at a local level.

There is no other natural resource on which mankind makes such heavy and complex demands as it does on water. Although it is not renewable in part, we neglect it far more than other resources – just remember how oil exploitation was co-ordinated internationally. In contrast with this, we treat water as though it were inexhaustible...

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Festival des Jardins, Chaumont-sur-Loire

 

Glass droplets – water droplets. Movement and stillness sparkle together in light.

 

The garden festival at Chaumont is known well beyond the boundaries of France. The daring innovation and design savoir-faire shown here over the last ten years has set the mark for all other garden festivals.

Themed each year, the director of the festival Jean Pigeat chose ‘Chaos’ for 2004. Herbert Dreiseitl was personally invited to participate, and as an artist and landscape architect, to conceive two gardens in response to this theme. Both gardens were also presented at the garden festival of 2005.

‘Tohuwabohu’ is a word from the Hebrew which describes a primordial, creative nothing-everythingness. It implies more than the contemporary definition of ‘chaos’ as confusion or disorder...

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Housing estate Arkadien Asperg near Stuttgart

 

recycled for irrigation, toilet flushing and washing machines. Other storm­water run-off is collected in surface drainage details which contour roads and sidewalks. The planted dry stone walls, use of natural stone, wooden structures and generous informal planting accompany the stormwater features throughout and are part of the vocabulary of green detailing which lends a ‘garden city’ flair to the housing estate.

 

A stream, accompanied by a small footpath, is a characteristic feature of the central green area.

 

Western Europe is starting to see a trend in property development, away from mass quantity and towards quality and environmentally responsible con­struction...

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Sonnenhausen estate in Glonn

 

The magnificent historical Sonnenhausen estate was given a water garden for rainwater management and to purify waste water. It is part of the little park.

 

There are all sorts of stories and legends about Karl Ludwig Schweisfurth. By profession a business management graduate and master butcher, he took over his father’s sausage business in Herten, built it up into a company with 5,000 employees and sold it to a food concern in 1985. He used the profit to set up the Schweisfurth Foundation, and since then he has run an estate in Glonn, about 40 kilometres south of Munich, where he has realized his dream of alter­native agriculture. Schweisfurth always had an affinity with art – he used to share this with his colleagues, and now he shares it with his animals...

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Conversion of Fornebu Airport, Oslo

 

Generally, when one thinks of Norway, an image of endless natural beauty and intrinsic healthiness comes to mind. And this is mostly the case in a country of natural water landscapes. However, when taking a closer look at cultural and urban centers such as Oslo, even in this land of natural bounties, the worldwide conflict between nature and modern civilization is present.

Once a pristine island in the Oslo Fjord, in the 1950s Fornebu became Oslo’s main airport and transit point for flights throughout Norway. The typical glacial topography was shaved down with bulldozers and machinery to provide the wide flat open spaces needed for runways. Fragments of the original landscape persisted, scattered disconnectedly in unusable niches...

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Rainwater for the bears in Zurich zoo

 

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Rainwater for the bears in Zurich zoo

 

The first zoo was established 4,000 years ago at the imperial court in China with a few exotic animals, followed 2,300 years ago by Alexandria and 420 years ago by Augsburg. Until the modern period, interesting mammals, above all bears, roamed in ramparts and fortification ditches, contained in special pits or enclosures. Zoos have been with us for some time as institu­tions – though its functions have chang­ed. In the age of extinction the show – places of yesterday are changing into reserves for animals that are under threat. The WWF’s koala bear identifies an enclosure as the last resort on every second information board. But the view through the fence is far from revealing the gratitude of gibbon, gnu or giraffe...

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Solar City Linz

 

In the green belt between Solar City and the new bathing lake, sculpted hills were built from excess excavation material from the housing construction.

 

about demands and intentions: ‘The adjacent Traun-Danube water meadows will become a nature conservation area. Visitor control in the form of landscape – designed experience paths is intended to absorb the anticipated pressure from the population.’

This sets the open-space planners a difficult task. They have to fend off threats to the nature conservation area – and they have to do this without ban­ning access, but by controlling it. The first thing to be controlled is rainwater, using a cleverly devised system of chan­nels, basins, ponds and streams, extend­ing from the area near the buildings to the wooded meadows...

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