Dictionary and encyclopedic sources use words like accessories, equipment, and movable objects to define furniture.1 Words can describe the performance and physical characteristics of furniture, but those who design, make, and use furniture know that furniture design extends far beyond dictionary or encyclopedic definition. Furniture design concepts lead to the production of useful items that result in tactile experiences (Figure 1.1). In nearly every case, furniture is something people experience through direct human engagement. In addition, one’s understanding and knowledge of furniture evolves with use and over time.
Designing furniture relies on intuition, judgment, design skills, engineering principles, and knowledge in a broad range of disciplines helpful with problem solving... >
аш дом кажется нам живым существом, у которого есть свои желания и мечты, чувства и эмоции. Человек издревле украшал своё жилище, так чтобы в нём было приятно находиться всё время. П окой и уют, удобство и комфорт — это в основном то, что хочет видеть человек в своём доме. Но порой возникает желание что-то изменить в своей жизни, украсить или разнообразить новыми красками и впечатлениями. Иногда стоит передвинуть диван в другое место, и в жизни происходят приятные перемены... >
The field of furniture design is strangely diverse. It does not have a well-established definition and is not regularly studied in colleges or universities.
It is also odd to remember that most of the world’s population does not make use of furniture except, perhaps, for a few stools or benches. Western civilization, however, beginning thousands of years ago, has become addicted to the use of furniture of the most varied sort. In the modern world, we are in touch with furniture at almost every moment. We sit in chairs, work and eat at tables, sleep in beds, and are hardly ever out of sight of a number of furniture items, for better or for worse.
Furniture is now produced and distributed for homes, for offices, for schools, for hospitals, and for every other situation in which people a... >
Убранство в классическом стиле
сочетает богатые ткани и сорта дерева,
веками используемых человеком.
Классический стиль, охватывающий многие периоды времени, может включать в себя мебельные ансамбли от злегаитпых европейских до более простых американских. Многие из сегодняшних изделий обладают той же вечной красотой, что и антикварные вещи, доступные нс для всех.
В гостиной, оборудованной в классическом стиле, можно разместить мебель различных периодов времени; выбираемые вами стили и тк... >
We learn about the material culture of the Assyrians mainly from archaeological excavations. Assyrian furniture was usually cast from bronze and shelving, much like in Egypt, placed on supports in the form of lion paws. Also, many carvings and sculptures take the form of animal heads, their full figures, as well as numerous
Fig. 1.10 Relief, Horemheb at a dining table. Sakkara, Horemheb’s tomb, 18th dynasty, around 1325 B. C. (British Museum)
Fig. 1.11 Jewellery box. Valley of Kings, Tjuyu’s tomb, 18th dynasty, Amenhotep III’s rule, the years 1387-1350 B. C. (Cairo Museum in Egypt)
Fig. 1.12 Palace in Nimrud, relief presenting king Ashurnasirpal II on the throne, next to which a footrest is standing, around 865-860 B. C. (British Museum)
human figures... >
1.2.1 Furniture of Ancient Egypt
We mainly learn about the form and construction of furniture made in ancient Egypt from the perfectly preserved finds, reliefs and paintings that decorate the walls of the tombs of Pharaohs. It was found that many design solutions used by the contemporary artisans are also used today. All retained museum exhibits of furniture of ancient Egypt prove that the Egyptians used many techniques for decorating furniture. Gold plating and ivory incrustation were common methods of finishing the surfaces of furniture. These methods, as well as making legs in the shape of animal paws, became the common practice of carpenters from much later periods... >
Wood is an excellent construction material, which has been used by people for thousands of years for the production of building constructions, machinery, tools, interior design, including furniture, accessories, and even jewellery. In particular, pieces of furniture made from wood are structures, which sometimes have not changed their form and technical solutions for several millennia. Many excellent furniture models were the work of outstanding designers, who have mastered all the details with reverence. To this day, they are appreciated and recognised among connoisseurs and collectors of works of art.
Today, many countries have recognised design as a priority direction for the development of education and economy, seeing in it the quintessence of innovation and an opportunity to moderni... >
Becker’s Hotel is located amidst the vineyards and rolling hills of Trier, one of the oldest cities in Europe, dating back to Roman times. Through the use of natural materials such as stone and wood, the property appears as if it almost nestles within its surroundings.
In the guestrooms, the stones give way to finely patterned dark wood floors combined with the glow of low spot lighting. A simple pane of glass separates the dark-tiled shower from the sleeping area, adding a hint of airiness to the otherwise earthy elements embodied in the hotel’s design. At Becker’s, German wine countr’s hospitality is writ large, but is certainly footnoted with a sophisticated, modern touch.
1. The dazzling black-and-white patterns
2. The suite
Childhood is sometimes described as a state of mind. It is also a distinct physical and mental phase which is experienced between ages one and a half to 16. Although it is debatable when childhood actually ceases and adulthood becomes a reality, for the purposes of this collection, our definition of childhood is broadly determined by these age criteria. Within this framework three sections emerge which order the chapters in this book: firstly, the child in early years; secondly, the child in school; and thirdly, the child in the city. Each theme is linked and interconnected, with the chapters ordered chronologically and loosely linked by a thematic narrative.
Chapter 1 is an introduction to some of the main issues around listening to young children in an effort to take on board their views... >
Few objects carry with them the historical and technical heritage of furniture. A chair is not only an object for seating but also a flag-bearer for the cultural specificities of the society where it was made and used. Furthermore, the magic of furniture is that, through daily use, social context is influenced in an ongoing and evolving two-way dialogue.
Given the fact that basically everyone is in constant contact with a wide variety of furniture pieces on a daily basis, it is very strange that designing furniture is not the core theme of several undergraduate and postgraduate programs. One would think that after thousands of years of making, using, repurposing, and disposing of furniture we would have a comprehensive and structured understanding of the lifecycle of these objects... >