BUILDING THE PIGEONHOLE UNIT

The pigeonhole unit is made to fit between the tops of the desk and drawer sections of the secretary. Molding can be tacked in place to hide the gap between the two carcases, as shown at left. You can also omit the molding, leaving the pigeonhole unit removable.

 

BUILDING THE PIGEONHOLE UNIT

MAKING THE UNIT

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BUILDING THE PIGEONHOLE UNIT Rough-cutting the arches

Referring to the anatomy illustration of the pigeonhole unit (page 108), out­line the shape of the arches on a piece of %-inch plywood, cut it out, and smooth the edges to fashion a template that you will use to make a routing jig (step 2). Before assembling the jig, use the tem­plate to outline six copies of the shape on your arch stock. Cut out the arches to within H inch of your cutting lines using the band saw...

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STORAGE DEVICES

Подпись:Подпись:STORAGE DEVICESПодпись:Подпись:STORAGE DEVICESWhether your workshop is tucked away in a corner of your base­ment or spread out over a two-car garage, storing the tools and materials that accumulate is a persistent challenge. This chapter offers several simple storage devices that can help you win the on­going battle against clutter. They will keep your tools and materials within easy reach when they are needed, and out of the way when they are not.

For storing hand tools, consider the handsaw holder (page 117) and the tool tray, the chisel, and router bit racks shown opposite. As well as helping to organize your tools, these devices will prevent damage to cutting edges.

An effective system for storing clamps is a must...

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DECORATIVE TECHNIQUES

Fastened to a box-like jig that rides along the bed of a lathe, the router shown at left plows a flute in a quarter column. For instructions on building and using this jig, refer to page 120.

COMMERCIAL JIGS AND ACCESSORIES

Laminate

trimmer

Lightweight enough to be used in free­hand routing (page 134)

Turning jig

Converts a router into a fluting tool. As on a lathe, stock is mounted on the jig between centers; router is fastened to a metal platform. Turning the crank rotates the workpiece and moves router platform along a guide rail, enabling the cutter to shape the stock along its length. The height of the platform is adjustable to set cutting depth of bit

Some joint-making jigs go well beyond the merely functional and allow a router to create joints that give equal weight to deco­ration...

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ANATOMY OF A CABRIOLE LEG

Подпись: Toe Typically about % to 1 inch from bottom of leg Подпись:Подпись: KneeПодпись: Ankle At narrowest point, about two- fifths the width of leq blank ANATOMY OF A CABRIOLE LEG

The illustration below shows one of the common ways a leg—in this case, a cabriole leg—is joined to a piece of furniture, such as a simple carcase. Before attaching the leg to the rails, you will need to cut a rabbet along the top of the rails. After assembly, the top of the leg is trimmed to the level of the rab­bet. Next, glue is applied to the rabbets, the notches and the contacting surfaces of the carcase, and the casework is seat­ed on the leg-and-rail assembly. The weight of the piece eliminates the need for clamping.

There are many ways of joining legs to rails, including the four tech­niques shown opposite and featured in this chapter. The mortise-and-tenon and dowel joints are two alternatives designed to last the life of a piece of furniture...

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BRIEFCASE

image259

Д wooden briefcase should have all /Л the features of any well-made brief­case: clean, attractive lines and light­weight strength. With a material such as wood, this can present a challenge, since strength and lightness are an uncom­mon combination. When sizing your stock, make the briefcase frame as thin as possible without sacrificing solidity. If you are using walnut or cherry, the stock should be at least A inch thick. The side panels of the briefcase should also be sturdy, since they help hold the unit together and keep the frame square. A good choice is /4-inch hardwood ply­wood. The side panels of the case shown in the photo at right arc made of solid white cedar boards edge-glued togeth­
er...

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ROCKING CHAIRS

  ROCKING CHAIRS

Glued to the rockers, platforms are a way of fine-tuning the balance of a rocking chair before installing the rockers. In the photo at left, waste wood is removed with a rasp, smoothing the transition between the rockers and the legs.

 

ROCKING CHAIRS

ANATOMY OF A ROCKING CHAIR

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ROCKING CHAIRS

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MAKING THE DRAWERS

The desk unit drawers are assembled with through dovetails, then a false front is glued to the drawer front to conceal the end grain of the tails. The chamfer cut around the perimeter of the false front shown above recalls the traditional practice of beveling the ends and edges of veneered drawer fronts, which pre­vented the veneer from being torn off when the drawer was opened and closed.

 

MAKING THE DRAWERS

GLUING UP THE DRAWERS

MAKING THE DRAWERSMAKING THE DRAWERS

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Routing the through dovetail joints

Size the drawer parts to fit their openings in the desk unit, then join the boards with dovetails, cutting the pins in the front and back of the drawer, and the tails in the sides...

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JEWELRY BOX

Подпись: Made from pan ferro, the jewelry box shown above measures 9 A inches long by 6 V* inches deep and 5 A inches high. The box sits in a rabbeted base joined at the corners by miters.image240"

A jewelry box should do more than keep the dust off valuables. It should also suggest strength and security—and express the elegance of its contents. The box shown in the photo at left satisfies these requirements in a number of ways. It is made from an exotic hardwood—

pau ferro—and is joined at the corners by through dovetails, a sturdy joint that adds visual interest. The half-mortise lock protects the contents from prying fingers and accents the design of the piece. The tray inside the box features dividers for sorting smaller items and is assembled with finger joints.

For a box of the proportions shown, use ‘A – to %-inch-thick stock for the the

box and %-inch-thick wood for the trav.

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To protect the jewelry from scratches, you can line the inside of the box and tray with a so...

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BACKS

 

BACKS

Подпись:Подпись:BACKSCaned and panel backs are two pop­ular and attractive options for frame chairs. To make a caned back (below), all you need is some stock for the rails and mullions and a piece of prewoven cane. You can weave the back from individual strands of cane, fol­lowing instructions starting on page 83. Cut tenons at the ends of the rails to fit into mortises in the rear legs and at the ends of the mullions to join with the rails. The cane fits into a groove cut into the rails and mullions.

The panel for a panel back is cut on a band saw (page 122), then fitted into

A CANED BACK

Mullion

 

Weatherboard

 

Support board

 

BACKS

Preparing the rails and mullions

Cut the grooves in the rails and mullions on a router table...

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LEGS

Подпись: The cabriole leg harkens back to the time-honored art of shaping wood with hand tools. Here, the leg’s unmistakable contours are revealed and smoothed by a spokeshave, traditional cousin of the hand plane.

Like their counterparts in human anatomy, legs in cabinetmak­ing serve mainly as supports. But furniture legs play an equally important esthetic role, comple­menting and setting off for display anything from a carcase to a chair.

Whatever the style of legs, the chal­lenges of making them are several: shape and proportion must be per­fectly in balance with the rest of the piece of furniture, and the leg must also provide adequate support. The goal is to achieve a balance between strength and beauty.

This chapter will show you how to make four popular leg types: cabriole, tapered, octagonal and square legs. Several methods of attaching legs are also presented. Taken together, these leg types and joinery techniques offer attractive alternatives for a wide range of furniture styles.

Among...

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