Rainwater management in Krems Business Park, Austria

Rainwater management in Krems Business Park, AustriaRainwater management in Krems Business Park, Austria

At times when flooding is on the increase, local authorities think about the omissions of recent years and de­cades. And they have to do this, as the damage caused by water in recent years have became a regular item in the accounts of local authorities, cantons and states. Unfortunately it is not until it gets difficult to balance the books that ready arguments are available for taking new directions in water manage­ment. And here it is important not to be too morose about having to do today what one could have wanted to do yesterday.

The Lower Austrian town of Krems an der Donau demonstrated this in terms of rainwater management. Here the municipal engineers drew up esti­mates for draining a proposed 33 hec­tare industrial estate with a conven­tional sewerage system. But before the community started to implement this, it was well advised to have an alternative concept devised, for open rainwater management. This produced pleasing results. It was possible to use infiltration techniques even for an industrial area in the Danube catchment area with rela­tively high groundwater levels. Of course the gravelly, sandy subsoil with a Kf value of 1 x 10-3 was of considerable
assistance here. The director of building was particularly pleased when he was able to show a financial saving of over 50 % against the proposed costs for the sewerage solution.

The technical framework for this success lies in a system of long swale strips along the main access road, and infiltration basins between the build­ings. Alongside the main access road, the yard and parking areas drain into the decentralized gravel trenches, each complete in itself, after passing through light-density material separators. There are planted retention basins above the trenches. Once the water has arrived here it soaks through a treatment layer about 50 centimetres thick into the gravel trench, which is clad in shear wool, and runs from there into the ground. Roof water flows into planted soakaway basins, and from there into the groundwater. All the sewage is fed into a separate sewer and taken to the communal sewage treatment plant. A relatively large number of roof gardens definitely contribute to the overall efficiency of the concept. Rainwater is delayed in draining from about a third of the buildings. The effects of open infiltration are best studied when rain­fall is heavy. The industrial estate has

canals running through it from which water occasionally runs over the edges on to the lawns – but without getting as far as the buildings. But the Landes – dorfer Arm, which is linked directly with the Danube, maintains a water level that is well under the top of the em­bankment. The Krems East industrial estate does not contribute a drop to possible flooding on the Danube and its tributaries.

Constructing a swale system between parking spaces

 

Gaps in the kerb allow rainwater to run off the streets into the grassed swale alongside and seep away there.

 

Infiltration via open joints in the pavement

 

Rainwater management in Krems Business Park, AustriaRainwater management in Krems Business Park, Austria

Подпись: ЄПодпись: RoofsПодпись: Planted roofs I Gqu I Green corridorПодпись: ShrubsПодпись: Infiltration swalesПодпись: Paved surfacesRainwater management in Krems Business Park, AustriaПодпись: -Q-

Rainwater concept for the industrial estate showing drainage from roofs and streets and infiltration swales in private and public areas

^ Drainage of courtyards with light density precipitators

Retention areas for slow infiltration through planted soil layer for purification Purification bed

 

A retention basin with infiltration after heavy rain

 

Grassed swales are placed next to the parking spaces, the trees planted there flourish even in the conditions prevailing in locations of this kind.

 

Planted swales with a high purification potential for rainwater management

 

Rainwater management in Krems Business Park, AustriaRainwater management in Krems Business Park, AustriaRainwater management in Krems Business Park, Austria

Rainwater management in Krems Business Park, Austria