Personnel survivability refers to using system design features that improve safety and operational success while in hostile natural or man-made environments. This includes the progression from the integrity of crew and passenger compartments, through safety, survival, escape and rescue systems, equipment, and procedures (ATOMOS, 1998).

9.8.1 Joint Communication

To sum up this chapter, we point out that we have been discussing two units, the bridge and the engine control room, with the same goals—safety for the crew, ship, and cargo. Other important goals were discussed earlier in this chapter. For these reasons, we must take a systems view on ship safety and the design of ship control centres. Necessary steps along the way are: continued work to generate more guid­ance, especially for the ECR design, and providing assistance for adapting existing regulations and guidelines to individual ships. This is especially true for human fac­tors and ergonomics guidelines, as the knowledge about how to design good work­places does exist today, but not always in a form available and applicable to those designing ships. Just as the bridge and the engine room personnel need to com­municate in order to do a good job, so do naval architects, researchers, and domain experts, including those with maritime experience. Put together a good mix of com­petencies in a project group, make sure they understand each other, and a good ship will follow.


ATOMOS: Advanced Technology to Optimise Maritime Operational Safety

BRM: Bridge Resource Management

ERM: Engine Room Resource Management

FMECA: Failure Mode, Effects, and Criticality Analysis

IACS: International Association of Classification Societies

SCC: Ship Control Centre

SIC: Station In Control; relates to transferring control between work stations or SCCs

SOLAS: International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea IMO: International Maritime Organisation ISO: International Organisation for Standardisation MSC: Maritime Safety Committee

MARPOL: The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollutions from Ships


A note of thanks to Brian Sherwood-Jones and Erik Styhr Petersen for their assis­tance. Thank you to all of the cadets in the MTO-Sea Project for the photographs

and information.