In the previous examples specific parcels of land have been set aside for urban agriculture. An alter­native strategy has been developed in Tanzania and Bulgaria, where a less specific categorisation or zoning is applied. In each case it has been pro­posed that as one moves away from the urban cen­tre, the potential for including urban […]


Some similarities can be identified between policies in Delft and development guidelines introduced in ] Urban agriculture reserve areas ] Urban development areas ] Buildings – Roads Figure 23.2 Nepal’s Kathmandu Valley. An extensive planning exercise undertaken for the Madhyapur Thimi Municipality, located in the Kathmandu Valley, has defined a number of urban agricultural reserve […]

Where does this fit with current thinking on urban landscape?

Responsibility for the planning and management of urban landscape falls under several different organ­isational remits. These include: • local authority planning departments – a land – use remit. • local authority or private sector landscape architects and urban designers – a design remit. • local authority parks or landscape maintenance departments – a management remit. […]


It has to be recognised that urban agricultural production is undertaken in a different way from that on farms (Smit et al., 1996), so that standard, accepted indicators of profitability are frequently not appropriate. Whilst British allotment production was traditionally a means of providing food for families on minimal incomes (Crouch and Ward, 1988) it […]

UPA and water pollution

The possibility of UPA production presenting a hazard to natural waters depends upon the kind of management, and also the local ‘environmental vulnerability,’ of natural waters. For example, significant areas where an economically major aquifer is overlain by soils of high or intermediate permeability occurs within both Greater London (NRA, 1994) and throughout north and […]