In Roman, furniture practicals ruled, which consisted in adapting all useful aesthetic, structural and organisational solutions of the peoples of the conquered countries. The civilisation predecessors of Rome were the Etruscans, who through their contacts with the Greeks, brought many interesting solutions into their territory. This is why in appearance, the Etruscan and Roman beds resemble Greek furniture (Fig. 1.17).
In Rome, furniture designed for sitting was known under the generic name sella; only a chair with armrests was called a kathedra (Setkowicz 1969). Furniture that emphasised power also included the stool kurulne (sella curtulis). This is a structure in the form of a stool, without a backrest, with legs bent and crossed, with a pillow placed on the seat... >
Although no good-quality museum exhibits were preserved, the constructions of Greek furniture can be fairly accurately recognised based on frescoes, paintings on pottery, bas-reliefs, as well as on the basis of numerous written messages. The earliest forms of furniture works in Greece clearly take advantage of Egyptian design, but their further evolution was directed in its own original forms, reaching >
peak development in the fifth century B. C. Greek artisans perfectly mastered the technology of bending and turning wood, gluing and veneering, as well as finishing wood surfaces with varnish and polychrome. They also expertly used the technique of joining elements using different connectors and glue...
We learn about the material culture of the Assyrians mainly from archaeological excavations. Assyrian furniture was usually cast from bronze and shelving, much like in Egypt, placed on supports in the form of lion paws. Also, many carvings and sculptures take the form of animal heads, their full figures, as well as numerous
Fig. 1.10 Relief, Horemheb at a dining table. Sakkara, Horemheb’s tomb, 18th dynasty, around 1325 B. C. (British Museum)
Fig. 1.11 Jewellery box. Valley of Kings, Tjuyu’s tomb, 18th dynasty, Amenhotep III’s rule, the years 1387-1350 B. C. (Cairo Museum in Egypt)
Fig. 1.12 Palace in Nimrud, relief presenting king Ashurnasirpal II on the throne, next to which a footrest is standing, around 865-860 B. C. (British Museum)
human figures... >
1.2.1 Furniture of Ancient Egypt
We mainly learn about the form and construction of furniture made in ancient Egypt from the perfectly preserved finds, reliefs and paintings that decorate the walls of the tombs of Pharaohs. It was found that many design solutions used by the contemporary artisans are also used today. All retained museum exhibits of furniture of ancient Egypt prove that the Egyptians used many techniques for decorating furniture. Gold plating and ivory incrustation were common methods of finishing the surfaces of furniture. These methods, as well as making legs in the shape of animal paws, became the common practice of carpenters from much later periods... >
Wood is an excellent construction material, which has been used by people for thousands of years for the production of building constructions, machinery, tools, interior design, including furniture, accessories, and even jewellery. In particular, pieces of furniture made from wood are structures, which sometimes have not changed their form and technical solutions for several millennia. Many excellent furniture models were the work of outstanding designers, who have mastered all the details with reverence. To this day, they are appreciated and recognised among connoisseurs and collectors of works of art.
Today, many countries have recognised design as a priority direction for the development of education and economy, seeing in it the quintessence of innovation and an opportunity to moderni... >