DAUTRICHE

d. 1778; MASTER 1765

T

his ebeniste was born in the Low Countries. His name was originally Van Oostenryk which he gallicized to Dautriche when he set­tled in Paris before 1743. At first Jacques Dautriche was an independent journeyman, not becoming master until 1763. He was by then a marquetry spe­cialist of repute. The striking similarity between his work and that of J.-F. Oebcn leads us to suppose that he must have worked for the latter, even though his name is not mentioned in the legal papers connected with Oeben’s estate. Their stylistic similarity is to be seen not only in the marquetry (cubes and interlaced circles are common to the two makers), but also the mounts (the rams’ heads, apron mounts with leafy masks and cul-de-lampe) as well as the shape of the furniture. Finally, the play of parallel bands interlaced in sections which outline the marquetry panels is com­mon to the two makers. Collaboration between Oeben and Dautriche is strongly suggested by the date of the latter’s mastership. 1765. two years after Oeben’s death, as though Dautriche had then been forced to become independent. Almost all the pieces bearing his stamp are in the Transitional style with geometric parquetry. Continuing ideas perfected by Oeben around 1760-63. they may be dated anywhere be­tween 1765 and 1778.

Dautriche worked for the Comte d’Artois. and col­laborated in the furnishing of his Parisian residence, the Palais du Temple. He was established for a long time in the rue Traversiere. and towards the end of his life in the rue du Faubourg Saint-Antoine.

[290J Commode stamped by the Oeben brothers and

Dautriche, с. 1765. The R. V. L. C. (Sotheby’s Monaco,

marquetry of interlaced circles 14 June 1981, lot 123)

and cubes is also found on pieces

According toSalverte. on Dautriche’s death in 1778 his workshop was taken over by his widow Elizabeth Hannot in conjunction with her son Thomas-Jacques Dautriche. who from 1783 was in sole charge of the workshop. It is possible, therefore, that, as in the case of other dynasties of ebenistes. Dautriche’s stamp was taken over by his son and used after 1778. Thomas – Jacques Dautriche. born in 1744. was never received master. In 1789 he took part in the storming of the Bastille. His revolutionary zeal precipitated him in 1793 into the position of ‘president par interim des sections du Faubourg Saint-Antoine’. and into joining the French army on the Western front.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

F. de Salverte: Les Ebenistes. pp. 81-82

Leonard