DESIGNING PLANTINGS FOR LANDSCAPES

While no two properties are exactly alike, some methods of grouping plants are common to most residential designs.

Corner Plantings

Defining the corners of the outdoor room are the corner plantings. Depending on how much privacy is desired, the corner plantings may or may not be connected to the line plantings that make up the walls of the outdoor room.

A corner planting has two parts: the incurve and the outcurves (Figure 9-17). The incurve is the most desirable location for an attrac­tive specimen plant because it is a natural focal point. The plants in the outcurves should be selected and placed to direct attention even more strongly to the incurve (Figure 9-18).

figure 9-18. In a corner planting, attention is drawn from the outcurves to the incurve by stair-stepping plants. (Delmar/Cengage Learning)

figure 9-17. Parts of the corner planting bed: the incurve and the outcurves (Delmar/Cengage Learning)

‘jk TABLE 9-2.

A Guide to Landscape Trees

Tree

Maximum Height

60′

Common Name

Botanical Name

Evergreen Deciduous

10′-25′ 25′-60′ and up

Almond

Prunus amygdalus

Amur Corktree

Phellodendron amurense

Apples

Malus species

Apricot

Prunus armeniaca

Arborvitae

Thuja occidentalis

Ash

Fraxinus species

Arizona

F. velutina

Green

F. pennsylvanica

White

F. americana

Flowering

F ornus

Beech

Fagus species

American

F grandifolia

European

F. sylvatica

Birch

Betula species

Canoe

B. papyrifera

• •

European

B. pendula

Sweet

B. lenta

Cherry

Prunus padus

Chestnut, Chinese

Castanea mollissima

Crabapple

Malus species

Flowering

Fruiting

Crape Myrtle

Lagerstroemia indica

Cypress

Italian

Cupressus sempervirens

Monterey

Cupressus macrocarpa

Sawara false

Chamaecyparis pisifera

Dogwood

Cornus species

Flowering

C. florida

Kousa

C. kousa

Douglas Fir

Pseudotsuga menziesi

Time of Flowering

Fruiting Time

_ Good

Hardiness

Early Late Early

Late Early Late

Fall

Zone

Spring Spring Fall

Summer Fall Fall

Color

Rating

Comment

• •

8

Edible fruit

4 to 8

Corky bark

4 to 8

Does not fruit in warmer

zones

5 to 5

Edible fruit

3 to 7

Many types in wide size range

5 to 9

Seedless forms

3 to 9

are recommended

3 to 9

5 to 9

5 to 9

3 to 9

Low-branching. Beeches do

3 to 9

poorly in city air

5 to 9

5 to 9

Often short-lived because

3 to 9

of certain insect damage

3 to 7

4 to 8

Edible fruit; attracts wildlife

4 to 8

Edible fruit; disease resistant

4 to 8

Showy flowers and fruit

4 to 7

Edible fruit

7 to 10

Difficult to transplant

7

Pyramidal growth habit

7

3 to 8

5 to 9

Good patio tree

5 to 8

4 to 7

Dense foliage; pyramidal

^ TABLE 9-2.

A Guide to Landscape Trees (Continued)

Tree

Maximum Height

60′

Common Name

Botanical Name

Evergreen Deciduous

10′-25′ 25′-60′ and up

Elm

Ulmus species

American

U. americana

Chinese

U. parvi folia

Pioneer

U. carpinifolia

Smoothleaf

Fig

Ficus carica

Fir

Abies species

Balsam

A. balsamea

White

A. concolor

Fringe tree

Chionanthus virginicus

Ginkgo

Ginkgo biloba

Goldenchain

Laburnum watereri

Golden Rain Tree

Koelreuteria paniculata

Hawthorn

Crataegus species

English

C. oxyacantha

Green

C. viridis

Washington

C. phaenopyrum

Hemlock

Tsuga canadensis

Holly

Ilex species

American

I. opaca

English

I. aquifolium

Honeylocust,

Gleditsia triacanthos

Thornless

inermis

Hornbeam

Carpinus species

American

C. caroliniana

European

C. betulus

Larch

Larix laricina

Linden

Tilia species

American

T. americana

Little leaf

T. cordata

Silver

T. tomentosa

Time of Flowering

Fruiting Time

_ Good

Hardiness

Early Late Early

Late Early Late

Fall

Zone

Spring Spring Fall

Summer Fall Fall

Color

Rating

Comment

3 to 9

Vase shaped; disease prone

5 to 9

Good for residential use

5 to 8

Disease resistant

6 to 10

Edible fruit

4 to 8

4 to 8

4 to 8

May also be used as a shrub

4 to 8

Use only male trees

5 to 7

Somewhat short-lived

5 to 9

Coarse texture

4 to 7

Thorny

4 to 7

3 to 8

3 to 7

Grows best in partial sunlight

Male and female plants are

6 to 9

needed for fruit set;

6 to 9

pyramidal

4 to 8

Good city tree; several varieties

3 to 8

Shade tolerant

4 to 8

Conical growth habit

2 to 6

A deciduous, needled conifer

3 to 8

Good street trees

3 to 8

4 to 8

‘jk TABLE 9-2.

A Guide to Landscape Trees (Continued)

Tree

Maximum Height

60′

Common Name

Botanical Name

Evergreen Deciduous

10′-25′ 25′-60′ and up

Magnolia

Magnolia species

Bigleaf

M. macrophylla

Saucer

M. soulangeana

Southern

M. grandiflora

Star

M. stellata

Sweetbay

M. virginiana

Maple

Acer species

Amur

A. ginnala

Hedge

A. campestre

Japanese

A. palmatum

Norway

A. platanoides

Red

A. rubrum

Sugar

A. saccharum

Mountain Ash,

Sorbus aucuparia

European

Oak

Quercus species

Live

Q. virginiana

Pin

Q. palustris

Red

Q. rubra

Scarlet

Q. coccinea

White

Q. alba

Peach

Prunus persica

Pear, Bradford

Pyrus calleryana

Bradford

Pecan

Carya illinoinensis

Pine

Pinus species

Austrian

P. nigra

Loblolly

P. taeda

Red

P resinosa

Scotch

P sylvestris

White

P strobus

Plum

Prunus species

Fruiting

P domestica

Purple flowering

P cerasifera pissardi

Redbud, Eastern

Cercis canadensis

Russian Olive

Elaeagnus angustifolia

Sapodilla

Achras zapota

Time of Flowering

Fruiting Time

_ Good

Hardiness

Early Late Early

Late Early Late

Fall

Zone

Spring Spring Fall

Summer Fall Fall

Color

Rating

Comment

6 to 9

Very large leaves and flowers

5 to 9

• •

7 to 9

Also usable as a large shrub

••

5 to 9

5 to 9

3 to 8

Good fall foliage color

4 to 7

They make good lawn trees

5 to 8

3 to 7

3 to 9

3 to 8

3 to 8

Susceptible to borer insects

Strong trees; used widely as

7 to 9

lawn and shade trees

4 to 9

4 to 8

5 to 9

3 to 9

5 to 8

Edible fruit

4 to 9

Symmetrical and formal

5 to 8

Nuts only mature in warmer

areas

5 to 7

Good for use as windbreaks

6 to 9

Can be massed for grove

2 to 7

effects

2 to 7

3 to 7

4 to 8

Edible fruit

4 to 9

Deep red leaf color

4 to 9

Attractive, delicate flowers

4 to 8

Silver foliage

••

10 to 11

(continues)

A Guide to Landscape Trees (Continued)

Common Name

Botanical Name

Evergreen

Deciduous 10′-25′

О

CD

J

LO

CM

and up

Silk Tree

Albizia julibrissin

• •

Spruce

Picea species

Blue

P pungens glauca

Colorado

Ppungens

Golden White

P glauca aurea

Norway

P. abies

White

P. glauca

Sweet Gum

Liquidambar styraciflua

Sycamore

Platanus occidentalis

Tulip tree

Liriodendron tulipifera

Walnut

Juglans species

Black

J. nigra

English

J. cinerea

Willow

Salix species

Babylon weeping

S. babylonica

Corkscrew

S. matsudana tortuosa

Pussy

S. discolor

••

Thurlow weeping

S. elegantissima

Zelkova,

Zelkova serrata

Japanese

TABLE 9-2.

Maximum Height 60′

Tree

Time of Flowering

Fruiting Time

_ Good

Hardiness

Early Late Early

Late Early Late

Fall

Zone

Spring Spring Fall

Summer Fall Fall

Color

Rating

Comment

6 to 9

2 to 7

Rigid, dense conifers; they

2 to 7

make excellent lawn trees, but

2 to 7

give them plenty of room to

2 to 7

spread

2 to 7

5 to 9

Excellent fall color; mixed tones

3 to 9

White, peeling bark

4 to 9

Needs room to grow and spread

Edible nuts; detrimental to

4 to 7

the growth of nearby plants

6 to 8

4 to 9

4 to 9

Twisted stems; specimen plant

4 to 9

Willows grow quickly, have

4 to 9

weak wood, and thrive in wet

areas

4 to 8

Often a substitute for

American elm

^ TABLE 9-3.

A Guide to Landscape Shrubs

Shrub

Mature Height

Common

8′

Name

Botanical Name

Evergreen Deciduous

3′-5′ 5′-8′ and

Almond, Flowering

Prunus glandulosa

Azaleas

Rhododendron species

Gable

R. poukanense hybrid

Hiryu

R. obtusum Hiryu

Indica

R. indica

Kurume

R. obtusum Kurume

Mollis

R. kosterianum

Torch

R. calendulaceum

Barberry

Berberis species

Japanese

B. thunbergi

Redleaved

B. thunbergi atropurpurea

Wintergreen

B. julianae

Bayberry

Myrica pennsylvanica

semi

Boxwood

Buxus species

Common

B. sempervirens

Little leaf

B. microphylla

Camellia

Camellia species

Japanese

C. japonica

Sasanqua

C. sasanqua

Coralberry

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus

Cotoneaster

Cotoneaster species

Cranberry

C. apiculata

Rockspray

C. horizontalis

semi

Spreading

C. divaricata

Deutzia, slender

Deutzia gracilis

Dogwood

Cornus species

Cornelian Cherry

C. mas

Grey

C. racemosa

Red twig

C stolonifera

Firethorn

Pyracantha species

Scarlet

P. coccinea

semi

Formosa

P. koidzumii

Season of Bloom**

Light Tolerance

Good

Zone

Early Late Early

Semi – Heavy

Fall

of

Spring Spring Fall

Sun

Shade Shade

Color

Hardiness

Comment

4 to 8

Very showy blooms

6 to 9

Requires acidic soil condition

7 to 9

and often iron chelate

8 to 9

fertilizers

6 to 9

6 to 9

6 to 9

• •

4 to 8

Good plants for traffic

4 to 8

control; thorny

5 to 8

2 to 6

Fragrant leaves and berries

6 to 9

Prunes well; good for hedges

5 to 10

• •

• •

7 to 9

Fragrant

7 to 9

2 to 7

Good for erosion control

4 to 8

Fall color comes from bright

4 to 8

red fruit

5 to 8

5 to 8

Delicate foliage; white blossoms

4 to 8

Also used as a small tree

4 to 8

Good for erosion control

2 to 8

6 to 9

Fall color comes from

7 to 10

brightly colored fruit

**Where no time of bloom is given, the flowers are either not produced or are inconspicuous.

3^’ Д TABLE 9-3.

A Guide to Landscape Shrubs (Continued)

Shrub

Mature Height

Common

8′

Name

Botanical Name

Evergreen Deciduous

3′-5′ 5′-8′ and up

Forsythia

Forsythia species

Early

F. ovata

Lynwood Gold

F intermedia Lynwood

Showy border

F. intermedia spectabilis

Gardenia

Gardenia jasminoides

Hibiscus

Hibiscus species

Chinese

H. rosa sinensis

Shrub Althea

H. syriacus

Holly

Ilex species

Chinese

I. cornuta

Inkberry

I. glabra

Japanese

I. crenata convexa

Honeysuckle

Lonicera species

Blue leaf

L. korolkowiizabel

Morrow

L. morrowii

Tatarian

L. tatarica

Hydrangea

Hydrangea species

Hills of Snow

H. aborescens grandiflora

Oak Leaf

H. quercifolia

••

Pee Gee

H. paniculata grandiflora

Jasmine

Jasminum species

Common White

J. officinale

semi •

••

Florida

J. floridum

Winter

J. nudiflorum

Juniper

Juniperus species

Andorra

J. horizontalis plumosa

Hetz

J. chinensis hetzi

Japanese Garden

J. procumbens

Savin

J. sabina

Pfitzer

J. chinensis pfitzeriana

••

Lilac

Syringa vulgaris

Mahonia

Mahonia species

Leatherleaf

M. bealei

• •

Oregon-grape

M. aquifolium

Season of Bloom**

Light Tolerance

Good

Zone

Early Late Early

Semi – Heavy

Fall

of

Spring Spring Fall

Sun

Shade Shade

Color

Hardiness

Comment

4 to 9

Bright yellow flowers;

5 to 9

cascading branching

5 to 9

• •

8 to 10

Fragrant flowers

• •

9 to 10

Also called Rose

5 to 9

of Sharon

6 to 9

Fruit is dark blue and not as

3 to 7

showy as on the tree hollies

5 to 8

5 to 8

Fragrant

4 to 8

3 to 8

4 to 9

Coarse leaf texture; showy

• •

4 to 9

blossoms

3 to 8

••

7 to 9

7 to 9

6 to 10

3 to 8

Junipers grow well in hot, dry

4 to 9

soil; many are tolerant of

4 to 9

salted soils and heavy snow

3 to 7

loads.

4 to 9

3 to 7

Large, fragrant flowers

••

6 to 8

Holly-like foliage

••

5 to 8

Bluish, grape-like fruit

**Where no time of bloom is given, the flowers are either not produced or are inconspicuous.

A Guide to Landscape Shrubs (Continued)

TABLE 9-3.

Shrub

Mature Height

Common

8′

Name

Botanical Name

Evergreen

Deciduous

3′-5′ 5′-8′ and up

Mockorange

Philadelphus virginalis

Nandina

Nandina domestica

Ninebark

Physocarpus opulifolius

Oleander

Nerium oleander

Photinia

Photinia species

Chinese

P. serrulata

Red

P. glabra

Red-tip

P. fraseri

Pieris (Andromeda)

Pieris species

Japanese

P. japonica

Mountain

P. floribunda

Pine, Dwarf Mugo

Pinus mugo compacta

Poinsettia

Euphorbia pulcherrima

Pomegranate

Punica granatum

Potentilla

(Cinquefoil)

Potentilla fruticosa

Privet

Ligustrum species

Am u r

L. amurense

semi

California

L. ovalifolium

Regal

L. obtusifolium regelianum

Waxleaf

L. lucidum

••

Quince, Flowering

Chaenomeles species

Common

C. speciosa

••

Japanese

C. japonica

Rhododendron

Rhododendron species

Carolina

R. carolinianum

Catawba

R. catawbiense

Hybrid

R. hybrida

••

Rose, Hybrid tea

Rosa species

*Semi-evergreen indicates that the plants retain their leaves in warmer climates, but drop them during the winter in

colder areas.

Season of Bloom**

Light Tolerance

. Good

Zone

Early Late Early

Semi – Heavy

Fall

of

Spring Spring Fall

Sun

Shade Shade

Color

Hardiness

Comment

4 to 9

Creamy white fragrant flower

6 to 9

Both flowers and fruits attractive

2 to 7

8 to 10

All parts are poisonous if eaten

7 to 9

Rapid growing; prone to

7 to 9

fungal diseases

7 to 9

6 to 8

4 to 8

2 to 7

Slow-growing

late

9 to 10

Long-lasting blooms

fall

8 to 9

Colorful both spring and fall

2 to 7

• •

Produces flowers all summer

••

3 to 8

Prunes well;

5 to 8

popular hedge plants

3 to 8

7 to 10

4 to 8

Densely branched; thorny

4 to 8

Good for traffic control

6 to 8

Showy plants; require

4 to 8

well-drained, acidic soil

4 to 8

••

varies

Very diverse group of plants; large blooms; high maintenance

**Where no time of bloom is given, the flowers are either not produced or are inconspicuous.

A Guide to Landscape Shrubs (Continued)

Shrub

Mature Height

Common

8′

Name

Botanical Name

Evergreen

Deciduous

3′-5′ 5′-8′ and up

Spirea

Spiraea species

Anthony Waterer

S. bumalda Anthony Waterer

Bridal wreath

S. prunifolia

Billiard

S. billardi

Frobel

S. bumalda Froebelii

Thunberg

S. thunbergi

Vanhoutte

S. vanhouttei

Viburnum

Viburnum species

Arrowwood

V. dentatum

Black Haw

V. prunifolium

Cranberrybush

V. opulus

Doublefile

V. plicatum tomentosum

Fragrant

V. carlcephalum

Japanese Snowball

V. plicatum

Leatherleaf

V. rhytidophyllum

Sandankwa

V. suspensum

Wax Myrtle

Myrica cerifera

Weigela

Weigela florida

Winged Euonymus

Euonymus alatus

Wintercreeper

Euonymus fortunei vegetus

Yew

Taxus species

Spreading

Anglo-Japanese Upright Anglo-

T. media

Japanese

T. media hatfield

Spreading Japanese

T. cuspidata

Upright Japanese

T. cuspidata capitata

English

T. baccata

Canada

T. canadensis

*Semi-evergreen indicates that the plants retain their leaves in warmer climates, but drop them during the winter in

colder areas.

Season of Bloom**

Light Tolerance

Good

Zone

Early Late Early

Semi – Heavy

Fall

of

Spring Spring Fall

Sun

Shade Shade

Color

Hardiness

Comment

• •

4 to 9

Attractive when flowering;

4 to 9

most are resistant to insects

4 to 9

and diseases

4 to 9

5 to 8

4 to 8

2 to 8

Attractive spring flowers;

3 to 8

good fall color; many

4 to 8

provide good wildlife food

5 to 8

5 to 7

5 to 8

••

5 to 8

9 to 10

7 to 9

Tiny, waxy grey berries

4 to 8

Blooms late

3 to 9

Crimson fall color

5 to 9

4 to 7

Excellent for foundation plantings;

4 to 7

prunes well; long lived; will not tolerate poorly drained soil

4 to 7

4 to 7

6 to 7

2 to 6

**Where no time of bloom is given, the flowers are either not produced or are inconspicuous.

cb

U_l __ 1

±]

A Guide to Groundcovers

Groundcovers

Common Name Botanical Name

Evergreen

Deciduous

Height

Optimum

Spacing

No. Needed to Plant 100 sq. ft.

Light

Tolerance

Zone of Hardiness

Flower or Fruit Color and Time of Effectiveness

Aaron’s Beard

Hypericum

calycinum

18"

18 inches

44

full/

partial

sun

5 to 8

Yellow flowers in late spring

Ajuga or Bugle

Ajuga reptans

5"

6 inches

400

sun or shade

4 to 9

Blue or white flowers in summer

Bearberry

Arctostaphylus

uvamursi

10"

12 inches

92

sun or shade

2 to 6

Pink flowers in spring

Bigleaf

Wintercreeper

Euonymus

fortunei

radicans

18"

3 feet

14

sun or shade

4 to 9

Orange fruit in the fall

Cast iron plant

Aspidistra elatior

18"

10 inches

144

shade

6 to 10

Not noticeable

Candytuft,

Evergreen

Iberis

sempervirens

12"

12 inches

92

full/

partial

sun

4 to 9

White flowers in spring and summer

Cotoneaster,

Creeping

Cotoneaster

adpressa

12"

4 feet

10

sun

4 to 8

Pink flowers/spring; red berries in fall

Cotoneaster,

Rockspray

Cotoneaster horizontal is

semi

18" plus

4 feet

10

sun

4 to 8

Pink in spring/red berries in fall

Himalayan Sweet Box

Sarcococca

hookerana

humilis

15"

18 inches

44

shade

6 to 9

Insignificant

Honeysuckle,

Creeping

Lonicera

prostrata

12"

3 feet

14

sun

5 to 9

Yellow flowers/spring; red berries/fall

Hosta

Hosta

plantaginea

18"

18 inches

40

shade

3 to 9

White flowers in late summer

Ivy, Baltic English

Hedera helix baltica

8"

12 inches

44

shade

5 to 9

Insignificant

Groundcovers

No. Needed

Optimum to Plant Light Zone of Flower or Fruit Color and

Common Name Botanical Name Evergreen Deciduous Height Spacing 100 sq. ft. Tolerance Hardiness Time of Effectiveness

Juniper Blue Rug

Juniperus

horizontalis

wiltonii

6"

3 feet

14

sun

3 to 9

Insignificant

Juniper Jap Garden

Juniperus

procumbens

18"

3 feet

14

sun

4 to 9

Insignificant

Juniper

Shore

Juniperus

conferta

18"

3 feet

14

sun

5 to 9

Insignificant

Liriope

Variegated

Liriope muscari variegata

15"

18 inches

40

shade

6 to 9

Lavender flowers in late summer

Mondo grass

Ophiopogon

japonicus

10"

10 inches

144

partial

shade

7 to 9

White or pink flowers/ late summer

Myrtle

(Periwinkle)

Vinca minor

6"

12 inches

92

shade

4 to 9

Blue flowers in spring

Oyster plant

Tragopogon

porrifolius

12"

12 inches

92

sun or shade

9

Insignificant

Pachysandra

Pachysandra

terminalis

8"

12 inches

92

shade

4 to 8

White flowers in spring

Phlox (Moss Pink)

Phlox subulata

5"

6 inches

400

sun

3 to 9

Varied pastel colors in spring

Purpleleaf

Wintercreeper

Euonymus

fortunei

coloratus

18"

3 feet

14

sun or shade

5 to 9

Insignificant

Wandering Jew

Tradescantia

albiflora

6"

12 inches

92

shade

9 to 11

Purple flowers spring/summer

Weeping lantana

Lantana

montevidensis

18" plus

24 inches

25

sun

9 to 11

Lavender flowers all year

Yellowroot

Xanthorhiza

simplicissima

18" plus

18 inches

44

sun

5 to 7

Brown-purple flowers in spring

Vines

Twining Hardiness Flower or Fruit

BroadLeaf or Light Zone Color and Time of

Common Name Botanical Name Evergreen Deciduous Height Clinging Tendrils Tolerance Rating Effectiveness

Hydrangea,

Climbing

Hydrangea,

anomala

petiolaris

60′

full/partial

sun

4 to 8

White flowers in summer

Ivy, English

Hedera helix

70′

semi-shade

5 to 9

Insignificant

Jasmine, Star

Trachelospermum

15′

shade

8 to 9

White flowers in late

jasminoides

spring

Lace vine,

Polygonum

25′

sun or shade

4 to 9

White flowers in

Silver

aubertii

summer

Monks hood vine

Ampelopsis

20′

semi-shade

4 to 7

Yellow-orange fruit in

aconitifolia

fall

Rambling roses

Rosa multiflora

10′ to 20′

Tied

sun

5 to 8

Multicolored in summer

hybrida

Trumpet vine

Campsis radicans

30′

sun

5 to 9

Orange flowers/

summer

Virginia creeper

Parthenocissus

40′

sun or shade

3 to 9

Insignificant

quinquefolia

Wisteria,

Wisteria

30′

full/partial

5 to 9

Purple flowers in spring

Japanese

floribunda

sun

Woodbine,

Lonicera

50′

shade

5 to 8

Yellow flowers/summer;

Chinese

tragophylla

red fruit/fall

TABLE 9-6. A Guide to Selected Southwestern Plants

Plant

Mature Height

Common Name

Botanical Name

Growth

Habit 1′ or less 2′-5′ 6′-9′

Ash

Arizona

Fraxinus velutina

T

Modesto

Fraxinus velutina var. glabra

T

Citrus trees

Citrus sp.

T

Coral tree

Erythrina sp.

T

Crabapple, Flowering

Malus sp.

T

Cypress, Arizona

Cupressus arizonica

T

Elderberry, Desert

Sambucus arizonica

T

Elephant tree

Bursera microphylla

T

Elm

Chinese

Ulmus parvifolia

T

Siberi a n

Ulmus pumila

T

Eucalyptus

Eucalyptus sp.

T

Hackberry, Netleaf

Celtis reticulata

T

Honeylocust

Shademaster

Gleditsia triacanthos var. inermis

T

‘Shademaster’

Sunburst

Gleditsia triacanthos var. inermis

T

‘Sunburst’

Thornless

Gleditsia triacanthos var. inermis

T

Ironwood, Desert

Olneya tesota

T •

Jujube, Chinese

Ziziphus jujuba

T

Locust

Black

Robinia pseudoacacia

T

Id a ho

Robinia pseudoacacia ‘Idahoensis’

T

Pink flowering

Robinia pseudoacacia

T

‘Decaisneana’

Magnolia, Southern

Magnolia grandiflora

T

Mesquite

Honey

Prosopis glandulosa var.

T

Screwbean

glandulosa

T

Prosopis pubescens

Mulberry, White

Morus alba

T

Mature Height

Season of Bloom

О

Г

сл

GO

q

GO

q

сл q

сл о о <

– n>

—к

Early Late

Spring Spring Summer Fall Winter

Special Use in the Landscape

• specimen tree

very salt tolerant frequent pruning

• • makes these attractive

• flowering trees

lawn tree

NS

shade trees and windbreaks

NS

NS

shade tree

Cercidium floridum Cercidium microphyllum Parkinsonia aculeata

Pinus halepensis Pinus sabiniana Pinus pinea Pinus thunbergii Pinus cembroides

Pistache, Chinese

Pistacia chinensis

T

Poplar

Ba l m-of-Gi lead

Populus balsamifera

T

Bolleana

Populus alba var. ‘Pyramidalis’

T

Cottonwood

Populus fremontii

T

Lombardy

Populus nigra ‘Italica’

T

White

Populus alba

T

Silk tree

Albizia julibrissin

T

Smoke tree

Dalea spinosa

T

Sycamore

American

Platanus occidentalis

T

Arizona

Platanus racemosa ‘Wrightii’

T

California

Platanus racemosa

T

Tamarisk

Athel tree

Tamarix aphylla

T

Salt cedar

Tamarix parviflora

T

Umbrella tree, Texas

Melia azedorach ‘Umbraculiformis’

T

Mature Height

Season of Bloom

О

Г

сл

сл

GO

q

GO

q

q

сл о о <

– n>

—к

Early Late Special Use in the Spring Spring Summer Fall Winter Landscape

NS good multi-stemmed

tree

• lawn tree

specimen trees

NS grows well in poor soil NS specimen plant NS good in desert NS conditions NS good in planters;

prune well

multi-stemmed

effects

NS good patio tree; good

fall color

narrow columnar

NS form

NS windbreaks

NS

NS

NS

• showy shade tree

excellent street trees NS NS NS

wind, drought, and

• salt resistant

shade tree

^ TABLE 9-6.

A Guide to Selected Southwestern Plants (Continued)

Plant

Mature Height

Growth

Common Name

Botanical Name

Habit

1′ or less 2′-5′ 6′-9′

Willow

Babylon

Salix babylonica

T

Globe Navajo

T

Wisconsin

Salix x blanda

T

Zelkova, Sawleaf

Zelkova serrata

T

Abelia, Glossy

Abelia x grandiflora

S

Apache plume

Fallugia paradoxa

S

Arborvitae, Oriental

Thuja orientalis

S

Barberry

Darwin

Berberis darwinii

S

Japanese

Berberis thunbergii

S

Bird of Paradise

Caesalpinia gilliesii

S

Brittlebush

Encelia farinosa

S

Butterfly bush

Buddleia davidii

S

Cherry laurel, Carolina Prunus caroliniana

S

Cotoneaster, Silverleaf Cotoneaster pannosus

S

Crape myrtle

Lagerstroemia indica

S

Creosote bush

Larrea tridentata

S

Firethorn, Laland

Pyracantha coccinea ‘Lalandei’

S

Hibiscus

Chinese

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

S

Rose of Sharon

Hibiscus syriacus

S

Holly

Burford

Ilex cornuta ‘Burfordii’

S

Wilson

Ilex wilsonii

S

Yaupon

Ilex vomitoria

S

Hopbush

Dodonaeacuneata

S

Jojoba

Simmondsia chinensis

S

Juniper

Armstrong

Juniperus chinensis Armstrongii’

S

Hollywood

Juniperus californica

S

Pfitzer

Juniperus chinensis ‘Pfitzeriana’

S

Lysiloma

Lysiloma sp.

S

Mature Height

Season of Bloom

О

Г

сл

сл

GO

q

GO

q

сл

q

сл о о <

– n>

—к

Early Late Special Use in the Spring Spring Summer Fall Winter Landscape

NS

NS

NS

NS windbreak

NS

barrier plantings

NS

• vigorous growth

• screens and hedges

• wind screen

• very colorful flowers

• screens and hedges

• espaliers well

Wilson and Yaupon clip

NS and shade well

NS

NS

NS screens

NS hedges

NS

NS

NS

• good for transition

between garden and natural landscape

A Guide to Selected Southwestern Plants (Continued)

Plant

Mature Height

Common Name

Botanical Name

Growth

Habit 1′ or less 2′-5′

Myrtle

Myrtus communis

S •

Ocotillo

Fouquieria splendens

S

Oleander

Nerium oleander

S

Photinia

Photinia glabra

S

Privet

California

Ligustrum ovalifolium

S

Glossy

Ligustrum lucidum

S

Japanese

Ligustrum japonicum

S

Texas

Ligustrum japonicum texanum

S

Rose, Floribunda

Rosa x floribunda

S •

Silverberry

Elaeagnus commutatus

S

Sugar bush

Rhus ovata

S

Bougainvillea

Bougainvillea glabra

V

Ivy

Algerian

Hedera canariensis

G •

Boston

Parthenocissus tricuspidata

V

Jasmine, Star

Jasminum multiflorum

V

Lavender Cotton

Santolina chamaecyparissus

G •

Periwinkle

Vinca minor

G •

Trumpet creeper

Campsis radicans

V

Virginia creeper

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

V

Wisteria

Wisteria sinensis

V

Key: T, Trees; S, Shrubs; V, Vines; G, Groundcovers; NS, Flowers are not showy.

Mature Height

Season of Bloom

О

Г

СП

со

о

со

о

о

сл о о <

– п>

—ч.

Early Late Special Use in the Spring Spring Summer Fall Winter Landscape

• prunes and shapes well

• specimen plant

• • does well in heat and

poor soil

• screens

all species can be

• pruned to lower

• heights •

• massing effects

NS good for containers

• very colorful

NS

NS

• very fragrant

• effective as edging

• • •

• NS

may be trained as shrubs and weeping trees

The incurve plant is usually the tallest plant in the bed. If the corner planting is not the major focal point of the outdoor room, an accent rather than a specimen plant can be selected for the incurve. An accent plant will attract the eye more than the outcurve plants, but not as much as the focal point.

Many variations are possible with a corner planting (Figure 9-19). Shorter plants can be placed in front of taller plants, and a statue or bench can be used instead of a plant at the incurve. Whatever is done, it is important to keep the design simple. Only three or four species should be used unless the bed is exceptionally large.