Plants that are grown in nursery are rich in terms of capillary and hairy roots as they get all the necessary elements. These plants that have compact structures are transplanted very successfully. On the other hand, transplantation of plants that grow in rural areas and forests where maintenance process aren’t made is very difficult. In this scope, root of a plant that will be transplanted should be nurtured 1-3 years before the transplantation and other maintenance processes should be completed. Transplantation will be successful if these conditions are carried out.
1.1.5 Preparation of large bushes and shrubs for transplantation
Bushes higher than 3-4 meters and shrubs that can reach 8-10 meters are in this group. While root structure of a plant that grows naturally in nature varies, there are root systems that are scattered to the sideways, elongated, and moved into deeps. If nutrient is abundant in the field where these plants grow, these kinds of plants don’t need dense and capillary roots. If we try to transplant these kinds of plants without any process, only a part of the root will fit into the root soil and as a result of this, root/body will become unbalanced in the new planting site. This will increase the risk of plant’s drying. This is why; root pruning should be done 1-2 years before transplantation. Root pruning should be done before the start of root activities when significant root growth occurs. Too much grown roots are cut with a sharp knife according to the size of the plant; for example, for small plants that have 4-6 thickness, 30-40 cm radius circle is drawn and roots around this circle is cut. In this way, new roots grow more strongly near the area of cut root. This increases plant’s chance to adapt the new place (Figure 2).
Fig. 2. Deeply spading the plant that has very long and many side roots from x and y points and forming a new, strong and more compact plant root system.