Category WOODEN TOYS. AND CRAFTS

BENT-RUNNER SLEIGH

Подпись: A pair of legs for a bent-runner sleigh are glued to one of the stretchers, while a shop-made jig holds the pieces at the correct angle. Plate joints (page 50) are cut to reinforce the connection. Refer to page 51 for instructions on making the clamping jig.image89"

rP he bent-runner sleigh featured in і this section blends traditional sled design with modem woodworking tech­niques. As shown in the photo below, the legs are attached to the stretchers with plate joints—a simple and sturdy

joiner)’ method. The posts supporting the backrest are secured to the deck with screws and metal cross dowels. Using knockdown fasteners in this application allows the backrest to be removed easi­ly, transforming the sleigh into a flat – deck racer. The undersides of the runners are covered with a layer of ultra-high molecular weight plastic, a high-tech material available from most plastics dis­tributors and some woodworking supply houses. It will enhance the runners’ slick­
ness and make them glide much better on snow.

As described beginning on page 47, the...

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SLEIGHS AND SLEDS

image88Подпись:

Today, sleighs and sleds con­jure up images of children on bright winter afternoons coasting down snow-covered hills, squeal­ing with joy. The origins of the con­veyances featured in this chapter, however, are far more practical. In northern regions of the world, the sled evolved centuries ago as a humble yet efficient carrier, trans­porting food and belongings over ice and snow. From the Inuit dogsled and the Laplander pulka to the Russian troika and the Ameri­can “one-horse open sleigh,” sleds provided the edge that pre-indus­trial northerners needed to survive on snowy terrain.

Each of the three pieces described in this chapter can trace its lineage to one or more of these early antecedents...

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DUMP TRUCK

Подпись:The truck featured here is an exam­ple of a sturdy toy designed with child safety in mind. The moving parts have no pinch points and the truck’s surfaces are rounded and smooth. Assembly is fairly straightforward. The quantity and shape of all the parts required are shown below and each can be cut from either solid stock or birch – veneer plywood. All you need to hold the pieces together are a few dowels, although some connections can be rein­forced with screws. If you use screws to complete this project, be sure to coun­terbore the fasteners and cover the heads with wood plugs.

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Подпись:image64image65MAKING A DUMP TRUCK

Cutting

line

1

Подпись: Chaeeie blank

Cutting the chassis and axle housings

Make your chassis blank a little larger than its final dimensions, then use your band saw to cut it to the shape shown in...

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LOCOMOTIVE

 

Building the engine shown below is essentially a matter of preparing all the parts illustrated on page 23 and gluing them to the chassis. You can cut and assemble or cut all the pieces first, then glue only when all the components are ready. To help you produce a scale model, the profile and dimensions of all the necessary parts are provided. The following pages show step-by-step instructions for producing the more challenging pieces.

Although the locomotive is made mainly from wood, a few items of met­al hardware are required. You will need %-inch-long No. 16 brass escutcheon pins, for example, to attach the con­necting rods to the wheels. Drill pilot holes for the pins Vt inch from the cen­ter of the wheels. The connecting and drive rods are cut from 2‘X-inch-long 0...

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MODELS

Подпись: The boiler and smoke box of the locomotive shown on page 20 can be turned from a single blank on the lathe. As shown above, the demarcation between the two elements can be burned into the blank with a length of wire fastened to shop-made handles. image29"

favorites with children and adults alike for generations. This chapter shows you how to build three wooden models that are based on real-life counterparts: a locomotive, a dump truck, and a tractor-rock picker. As the photo on page 20 confirms, the results are certain to please and delight.

These projects will exercise a range of woodworking skills, from the authentic detailing involved in making the locomotive (page 22) and the simple, sturdy construc­tion techniques needed for the dump truck (page 31) to the fine shaping of the tractor and rock picker (page 36).

The locomotive is a 1/32-scale model of an early 20th-Century coal-burning steam engine. In addition to making all of its parts to scale, you can use contrasting hardwoods to highlight par­ticular details of the model...

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SCROLL SAW BASICS

blade tension lever

Locks or releases the tension of the blade

Blade tension knob

Adjusts tension setting

Hold-down adjust­ment knob

Raises and lowers the hold-down

blower tube

Directs a stream of air behind the blade to clear sawdust from the cutting line

blade guard

Protects the operator’s hands from the blade

Hold-down

Holds stock secure ly on the table

Table tilt securing knob

Locks the table at the desired angle

Подпись:Table tilt adjust­ment screw

Adjusts the angle of the table top

Speed adjust­ment knob

Adjusts the blade speed

blade – ■— changing wrench

BLADE GAUGES AND THEIR USES

GAUGE NUMBER

TEETH PER INCH

USES

2/0

28

For intricate work and thin

0

25

stock. Good for veneers and

1

23

materials such as hard plas­tics and thin (Кб – to %?-inch) m...

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LATHE BASICS

r’P he lathe shown below is a typical 1 freestanding model that will serve you well for most toy-making projects. Lathe size is measured in two ways: swing and capacity. Swing is twice the distance between the headstock spindle and the bed, which limits the diameter of blanks.

Capacity is the distance between the headstock and tailstock, which limits the length of blanks. The weight of a lathe is important, as greater weight provides more stability and dampens vibration. Another feature to consider is how easy it is to change speeds; larger workpieces
must be turned at lower speeds than smaller ones...

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TOYS AND CRAFTS BASICS

Подпись: A coating of baby oil is applied to a child's rattle with a cloth while the toy is spinning on a lathe. Toys designed for children must be finished with a nontoxic product. Baby oily which is actually scented mineral oil, is one of the safest.image12

Most of the requirements for build­ing furniture—functional designs, proper tool setups and techniques, and safe work habits—are also crucial to making toys and crafts. But wooden toys, because they are intended for use by chil­

dren, involve other considerations. Foremost among these is safety. As shown below, toys intended for infants and toddlers have to be large enough that they cannot be swallowed and lodge in a child’s windpipe. And since children
explore as much with their mouths as with their hands, the wood species you use for your projects and the finish you apply—whether paint or a clear finish— must be non-toxic. The charts on page 13 rate the toxicity of various finishes and wood species.

Because many toys are made with turned parts, many of which are small, the la...

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TURNED HAT

A

fter years of turning bowls and vases in my spare time, I started to search for a different sort of project, and hit on the idea of turning head wear. Being busy with life, I didn’t seize upon the idea immediately but instead treated it as a joke, putting bowls and vases on my head and calling them hats. Then late in 1990 my wife and I were invited to a wedding with a country and western theme, and we were asked to dress accordingly. This was the catalyst I needed. I figured that if I didn’t do “The Hat’’ for this occasion I probably never would. I chose a piece of black cher­ry and turned a diameter large enough to fit the front-to-back measurement of my head. This first effort lacked the grace of the hats I turn today, but was well received despite its lack of true hat form...

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A GLIDING ROCKING HORSE

B

uilding a rocking horse was more than a way to keep busy on long winter evenings. It was the fulfillment of a dream that I had cherished for years before I was a father. My wife, Darlene, and I have been blessed with one son, Nathan, and one daughter, Melissa. Nathan’s first birthday present was to be a rocking horse, hand-made by his dad.

As his birthday drew near, I started the project and soon found that Nathan was engrossed with the building process itself. So I took him to my shop every night where he watched me from his stroller. Hour after hour, he jabbered away and watched intently until the magic moment each evening when his eyes became too heavy to stay open. After he fell asleep it was I who enjoyed looking at him, inspired by his presence...

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