After reviewing the two preliminary plans (Figures 11-108 and 11-109), the Duncans decided on Preliminary Plan “B” (Figure 11-109). After further discussions about this particular preliminary design, Mr. Kent, the landscape designer, undertook another study of the design to incorporate a few revisions and refinements. The result is the master plan shown in Figure 12-86.
As can be seen, this master plan is very similar to the preliminary design that preceded it. However, a close inspection will also reveal a number of subtle changes. In the front yard, the shape of the sitting area has been revised and the planting has been refined. For example, the massing of low Taxus and the group of hawthorns in the southwest corner more clearly define and strengthen the arc of the lawn area. The western side of the house has been treated in a manner very much like the preliminary design. The area along the eastern side of the house has been revised slightly. The shape of the work/storage area and lawn has been made more rectangular to fit the narrow yard area more comfortably. In addition, the shrub planting near the weeping cherry has been eliminated to make this ornamental tree more prominent. In the backyard, the planting has been refined in a number of locations. The existing Norway maple has been incorporated with the planting bed adjacent to the brick
terrace. The planting near the air conditioner has also been altered. Along the northern edge of the lawn area, a ground cover bed is used to define the edge between the lawn and planting bed. A perennial bed is placed behind the ground cover to provide height and a splash of color during the summer. All of this is backed by a massing of shrubs, which has been refined.
Figure 12—87 shows the proposed designs for (1) an arbor over the deck and (2) the fence on the east side of the brick terrace. The arbor is partially open for filtered sun and to support vines. The terrace fence serves as a screen to separate the terrace from the side yard. It provides an extra layer of privacy from the east. The patterns and character of these structures are reflective of the rectangular design theme.
The master plan is the end of the design phase of the design process. It shows the clients in a graphic form what their site will eventually look like if everything in the plan is implemented. The master plan also ensures that the landscape will be treated as a coordinated environment tailored to the specific site conditions and needs of the clients. In preparing the master plan, special study is given to the materials and appearance of the design. You should understand the following about the master plan and its proposed materials:
• Factors that should be considered in determining the selection of materials
• Characteristics and potential uses of loose pavement materials including gravel and recycled materials
• Characteristics and potential uses of unit pavement materials including stone, concrete pavers, tile, brick, and wood
• Characteristics and potential uses of adhesive pavement materials such as concrete
• Design guidelines for composing pavement patterns
• Characteristics and potential uses of materials used in site structures including stone, brick, precast concrete block, wood, and metal
• Design guidelines for composing materials in various site structures
• Design process steps for preparing the master plan and relation to preliminary design
• Graphic style of the master plan and information shown on it