Fences and Benches

(Left) Use a brown and yellow combi­nation for wood fences and posts, along with some shadow to the bottom right.

(Right) Benches are rendered in any combination of colors. Shadow them to portray their three-dimensional quality.

Walls and Planters (Left) Use gray and light blue for limestone caps, rust colors for brick, and tans and peach for sandstone. (Right) Differentiate planter walls with different colors than the planting within, and make the sculptures colorful.


(Left) Color wood arbors with brown and yellow, and then color the rest of the elements between the arbor patterns. (Right) Create contrast in the colors of the arbor and the adjacent elements, and add some shadow to the framework.

Water Fountains

(Left) Darken inside edges of fountains with darker blue, add a little yellow, and provide a strong shadow to the water jet. (Right) After the entire pool pattern is rendered, use “white-out” and a black edge line and shadow to highlight the water jet.

Streams and Pools

(Left) Draw meandering blue lines for running water. Add tints of yellow and violet. Then, pepper in various places. (Right) Use varied pressures and fading of blue to fill some of the arcs in the water pattern. Pepper at some arc intersections.

Spas and Waterfalls (Left) Darken the top left portion of the spa, highlight the bottom right, and pepper periodically throughout the spa. (Right) Keep a band of white at the location of a waterfall. Scallop it in black and highlight it with faded peppering.