Papua New Guinea and Costa Rica called for the inclusion of reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries (RED) at UNFCCC COP 11, 2005, in
Montreal, Canada. Afterward, the Indonesia Forest Climate Alliance (IFCA) carried out brief studies on Indonesia’s preparedness to implement REDD methodologically and institutionally. At UNFCCC COP13, 2007, in Bali, Indonesia, the additional “D,” which stands for forest degradation was added; consequently, it was renamed REDD.
In 2008, IFCA published a Consolidation Report on REDD in Indonesia, following the Ministry of Forestry, who developed a REDD+ strategy and readiness strategy from 2009 to 2012. In addition, the Ministry of Forestry also formulated some REDD regulations and established a climate change working group that was amended three times. Furthermore, the National Council of Climate Change was established based on President Regulation No. 46/2008.
During 2008 to 2009, at UNFCCC COP 14 and COP 15, respectively, discussions on REDD continued in a wider scope, which was reflected in the acronym REDD+. The “plus” symbolizes the consideration of the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests, and enhancement of forest carbon stocks. Indonesia started to implement the readiness strategy of REDD+ in 2009.
In 2010, the REDD+ National Task Force established by the President and the Ministry of Forestry developed the National REDD+ Strategy. Indonesia’s official REDD+ program website www. redd-indonesia. org was launched in April 2011. Currently, there are more than 46 REDD+ projects in Indonesia. Thus far several regulations have been formulated to support the implementation of REDD+.