Household Income

The income derived from pekarangan production contributed up to 11.5 % to total income derived from the main occupations of all family members. The members of the household may sell the products of pekarangan, including fruits, vegetables, animal products, and other valuable materials such as bamboo or wood for con­struction or fuel. Some of the respondents also obtained incomes from renting the pekarangan area for uses such as drying harvest products, kiosks, repair shops, and producing handmade materials.

1,247,923a

1,124,172a

2,173,335b

1,610,421a, b

1,710,633a

1,367,295b

1,538,964a, b

4,214,292a

2,980,770a

4,700,003a

4,690,002a

4,530,005a

3,723,917b

4,126,961a, b

5,462,215a

4,104,942a

6,873,338a

6,300,423a

6,240,638a

5,091,212b

5,665,925ab

Plants

Animals

Total

Income

Income (IDR/year) from a pekarangan production

Household Income

Income Productivity (IDR/year/m2) from a pekarangan production

Plants

11,999.26a

10,506.28a

7,960.93b

5,350.24b

9,099.11 a

6,702.43b

7,851.86ab

Animals

Total

40,522.04a

27,857.66a

17,216.13b

15,581.40b

24,095.77a

18,254.50b

21,055.92a, b

Income

52,521.30a

38,363.94a

25,177.06b

20,931.64b

33,194.88a

24,956.92b

28,907.78a, b

Note: Values in the same row and sub table not sharing the same subscript are significantly different at p< 0.05 in the two-sided test of equality for column means. Tests assume equal variances.1 1. Tests are adjusted for all pair wise comparisons within a row of each innermost sub table using the Bonferroni correction.

Подпись: Production
Household Income
Household Income

Fig. 17.13 Income derived from pekarangan from selling plants and animals (livestock produc­tion). Productivity is derived by calculating total income from pekarangan per year divided by open space area

Incomes derived from pekarangan could came from selling plants and livestock production (Fig. 17.13). In term of productivity, G1 and G2 are different from G3 and G4, which means small pekarangan are more productive. Small pekarangan (G1 and G2) tend to improve their pekarangan by cultivating more crops and caring for more livestock. However, the productivity for those who have no OAL (G1 and G3) indeed is higher compared to the others. Those of G1 and G3 cultivate their pekarangan intensively because they do not have OAL to manage.