# Household Income

The income derived from pekarangan production contributed up to 11.5 % to total income derived from the main occupations of all family members. The members of the household may sell the products of pekarangan, including fruits, vegetables, animal products, and other valuable materials such as bamboo or wood for con­struction or fuel. Some of the respondents also obtained incomes from renting the pekarangan area for uses such as drying harvest products, kiosks, repair shops, and producing handmade materials.

 1,247,923a 1,124,172a 2,173,335b 1,610,421a, b 1,710,633a 1,367,295b 1,538,964a, b 4,214,292a 2,980,770a 4,700,003a 4,690,002a 4,530,005a 3,723,917b 4,126,961a, b 5,462,215a 4,104,942a 6,873,338a 6,300,423a 6,240,638a 5,091,212b 5,665,925ab
 Plants Animals Total Income

 Income (IDR/year) from a pekarangan production

Income Productivity (IDR/year/m2) from a pekarangan production

 Plants 11,999.26a 10,506.28a 7,960.93b 5,350.24b 9,099.11 a 6,702.43b 7,851.86ab Animals Total 40,522.04a 27,857.66a 17,216.13b 15,581.40b 24,095.77a 18,254.50b 21,055.92a, b Income 52,521.30a 38,363.94a 25,177.06b 20,931.64b 33,194.88a 24,956.92b 28,907.78a, b

Note: Values in the same row and sub table not sharing the same subscript are significantly different at p< 0.05 in the two-sided test of equality for column means. Tests assume equal variances.1 1. Tests are adjusted for all pair wise comparisons within a row of each innermost sub table using the Bonferroni correction.

Fig. 17.13 Income derived from pekarangan from selling plants and animals (livestock produc­tion). Productivity is derived by calculating total income from pekarangan per year divided by open space area

Incomes derived from pekarangan could came from selling plants and livestock production (Fig. 17.13). In term of productivity, G1 and G2 are different from G3 and G4, which means small pekarangan are more productive. Small pekarangan (G1 and G2) tend to improve their pekarangan by cultivating more crops and caring for more livestock. However, the productivity for those who have no OAL (G1 and G3) indeed is higher compared to the others. Those of G1 and G3 cultivate their pekarangan intensively because they do not have OAL to manage.

Updated: October 17, 2015 — 1:54 pm