Impact on Environmental Values

15.3.3.1 Relevance of Ecotourism with Forests and Other Resources

The Most Negative Impact of Ecotourism Activities on the Habitat

As a result of the survey, the following were indicated as the reason by the villagers: destruction of the forest and land use problems (8.2 %), destruction of farmland and forbiddance of hunting (3.3 %), pollution of streams (41 %), damage to the soil and the flora (11.5 %), and waste materials problem (23 %).

As a result of the chi-square compliance test, conducted to see whether the frequencies of the classes created as regards the results of the classification of the

Table 15.7 Chi-square results of the distribution of negative impacts of ecotourism activities on the habitat

Negative impacts

Observed value

Expected value

Residual

Hunting

2

12.2

-10.2

Destruction

10

12.2

-2.2

Soil damage

8

12.2

-4.2

Waste materials

16

12.2

3.8

Stream pollution

25

12.2

12.8

Total

61

Negative impacts

Chi-square

24.984a

Degrees of freedom

4

Level of significance

0

Source: Aydin (2010)

aO cells, (,0%) have expected frequencies less than 5. The minimum expected cell frequency is 12,2.

most important negative impact of ecotourism activities on the environment, it can be seen from Table 15.7 that the H0 hypothesis is rejected with 95 % statistical reliability and that there is significant difference between the answers (chi-square calculation = 24,984, p < 0.05).