Methods

The data and information were collected from October 2010 to July 2012. Through desk review, the institution, regulation/policy, strategy, and capacity building related to REDD+ were identified and analyzed. Comprehending the REDD+ current status and the challenge of a REDD+ financial mechanism were obtained from reviewing secondary data. The provincial level perspectives on REDD+ were acquired through assessment of the questionnaire and in-depth interview results.

The first survey in March 2011 was accomplished over 3 weeks. There were several discussions and consultations with multiple stakeholders, namely the Chief of Forestry Services for Central Sulawesi Province, the Chief of Natural Resource Conservation Agency (NRCA), the Chief of Lore Lindu National Park, the Chief of Forestry Planning Agency Regional XVI, and REDD+ working group members.

The second survey was carried out in September 2011. Over 4 weeks, a delib­erately purposive random sampling questionnaire was given to the REDD+ work­ing group members. A supplementary interview to confirm answers and opinions was also conducted. The questionnaire had three parts: knowledge, opinions, and open questions. Thirty-six questions of the knowledge section and 21 questions of the opinions part were examined and analyzed. There were four open questions related to their observations of the REDD+ programme in Central Sulawesi Prov­ince. Seventy questionnaires were disseminated and 30 questionnaires were returned. Of these, 26 questionnaires were analyzed, which consisted of responses from government, the academic, local community, local NGOs, and the private sector. Four questionnaires were discarded because of invalidity. Descriptive sta­tistics, multiple linear regression, and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were gener­ated using XLSTAT and Predictive Analytics Software (PASW) 18. To distinguish between the opinions of stakeholders, chi-square analysis was used with the following formula:

X2 = X (OEE£ (19.1)

where O is the observed frequency, E is the expected frequency, and y2 is the chi square.

To classify which part of REDD+ issues the stakeholders acknowledged, the following classification has been proposed:

a. Red level: if the average percentage of yes answers to the knowledge questions is less than 25 %, it reveals that the respondents have very poor knowledge.

b. Yellow level: if the average percentage is in the range 25 % < n <50 %, it shows that the respondents have poor knowledge.

c. Green level: if the average percentage is in the range 50% < n < 75%, it indicates that the respondents have sufficient knowledge.

d. Blue level: if the average percentage is greater than 75 %, it indicates that the respondents have good knowledge.

With the purpose of recognizing the REDD+ working group knowledge level, age, gender, education, group of stakeholders, and level of participation were analyzed. Because the REDD+ concerns evolving issues and international negoti­ations on REDD+ still continue, some collected information and project activities may have changed from their main objectives and activities. In spite of these deficiencies, this study provides current development of REDD+ readiness in Indonesia at both the national level and the provincial level.

19.3 Results