Objectives

The aims of this study are to determine the contribution of pekarangan in preserv­ing protected areas and to visualize its benefit for rural communities. When pekarangan is well managed, it can provide real benefits in term of income, nutrition, and other needs. In addition, when communities revitalize pekarangan optimally, the protected areas will be more sustainable. Therefore, those commu­nities do not find it necessary to slash-and-burn the forest to obtain additional income or food resources.

17.2 Study Site

17.2.1 Protected Areas in West Java Region

In Indonesia, there are 51 national parks: 5 of them are located in Java Island, and 4 are located in West Java (Table 17.1). The national parks of West Java are (1) Ujung Kulon, (2) Gunung Gede Pangrango, (3) Gunung Halimun Salak, and (4) Gunung Ciremai National Park. Two national parks were selected for this research, Gunung Gede Pangrango (GGP) and Gunung Halimun Salak (GHS), because they are located close to four watersheds that are being studied.

Table 17.1 General condition of four national parks in West Java

Name of national park

Government

regulation

Gunung Gede Pangrango

Gunung Halimun – Salak

Ujung Kulon

Gunung

Ciremai

Ministry of Forestry (MoF) Act

174/Kpts-II/2003

175/Kpts-II/2003

284/Kpts-II/

1992

424/Menhut-

II/2004

Date of act

June 10th, 2003

June 10th, 2003

February

26th,

1992

October 19th, 2004

Area (ha)

±21.975

±113.357

±120.551

±15.500

District covered

Bogor, Cianjur, and Sukabumi

Sukabumi, Bogor, and Lebak

Pandeglang

Kuningan

Coordinate location

106°50′-107°02’E

106°13′-106°46’E

102° 02′- 105°37’E

108° 19’­108° 27’E

06° 41′-06°51’S

06°32′-06°55’S

06°30′-

06°520S

06°470-

06°58’S

Objectives

Fig. 17.2 Study areas of four watersheds within two national parks in West Java region. Gunung Halimun-Salak (GHS) and Gunung Gede Pangrango (GGP) National Park are located at high altitude