The Reasons for Migration from the Country to the City

The question “What are the reasons for migration from the country to the city?” before ecotourism was answered by the villagers as follows: 29.3 % for ensuring better education opportunities for their children, 65.3 % for problems faced in transportation, 30.7 % for limitations in health facilities, 18.7 % for more job opportunities, 12 % for higher income prospects, 6.7 % for better living standards,

1.3 % for scarcity and nonfertility of farmland, the roughness of terrain, and limited utilization of forests; the same question after ecotourism activities was answered by the villagers as 36.1 % for ensuring better education opportunities for their children, 82 % for problems faced in transportation, 26.2 % for limitations in health facilities, 6.6 % for more job opportunities, 3.3 % for higher income prospects, and 1.6 % for better living standards.

It can be stated that the reason for the results provided here is not ecotourism but that education, health, and transportation are still the most important motives for migration from the country to the city.

H0, which is the significance test of the difference between two matches (Table 15.5), was rejected to test whether there was a statistical difference between these values; it was determined with 95 % reliability that there was a difference

Table 15.6 t test results for determination of the difference between the meaning of ecotourism before and after ecotourism activities

Dual differences

95 % matched two-example reliability

Подпись: Degrees of Significance freedom (df) levelAverage interval

Average SD SE Lower Upper t

Pre-ecotourism 4.934 3.628 0.465 4.005 5.864 10.623 60 0

Post­ecotourism Source: Aydin (2010)

between the motives for migration from the country to the city before and after ecotourism activities (t calculation = 2,595, p < 0.05).

This finding means that the significance level of the conducted t test (less than 0.05) indicates there is a statistical difference between the motives for migration from the country to the city between the pre – and post-ecotourism activities periods.