Linear

Подпись: Figure 3.34 Linear organization of pews, The Chapel of the Holy Cross, designed by Pekka Pitkanen, (1967). Photography copyright © William A. Yokel, 2005. Подпись: Figure 3.35 Sinusoidal lines—Bookworm, designed by Ron Arad (1994), manufactured by Kartell using translucent thermoplastic. 126, 205, or 323 inches wide; 7% inches deep (320, 520.5. or 820.5 cm wide; 19.5 cm deep). Photography by Jim Postell, 2003.

Lines are made by connecting two or more points and generally are conceived as being straight (Figure 3.34), but they also curve, warp, and transform, as illustrated in Bookworm, designed by Ron Arad (Figure 3.35). Every line has an underlying spatial structure. The eye follows lines from beginning points to intersecting endpoints. Sinusoidal linear characteris­tics are often expressed through the edges, seams, and planes of furniture. DU (Figure 3.36) integrates upright and reclining postures and relies on its sinusoidal edges and juxtaposing planar surfaces to visually express linear movement.

Подпись: Figure 3.36 DU lounge seating, designed by Gulen (Jevik and Jim Postell, (2004). Computer model courtesy of Eli Meiners.
Linear

Radial

Sociofugal spaces are perceived as outward-oriented spaces. Sociofugal is a term coined by Edward T. Hall to describe the perception of space that radiates outward from an implied or marked center. The Tatlin settee is designed to visually orient users outward into space (Figure 3.37). Freely inspired by Tatlin’s Tower, the sofa has a molded spiral that radiates outward into space. The base of the sofa is made from multilayered wood, the supports are metal, and polyurethane foam padding is defined by an inner molded steel structure. Radial spaces are distinct from inwardly focused, centralized, sociopetal spaces.2

Figure 3.37 Tatlin, designed by Roberto Semprini and Mario Cananzi (1989) (Diamond collection 2005). Manufactured by edra. Photography by Emilio Tremolada.

 

Linear