Generally, small sized plant species can be transplanted much easier than bigger sized plant species. Besides this, plants that are not very old and whose height are 1-2 m. can generally be transplanted successfully as their root systems don’t grow very much. The taller the plant is, the more difficult it becomes to carry; and it has less chance to adapt to its new place. As plants that grow in nursery are taken care more than the other ones, their roots are more fibrous and together. They have more attractive upper parts when compared to the ones that aren’t grown like them. Big plants are transplanted when the soil changes, during road construction and extension and when they are too big for the place to live in. Although it is very difficult to remove the plants that are squashed because of their structures, transplanting them to better places is important for their health and life (Harris, 1983).
1.1.2 Characteristics of site condition and transplantation field
Root systems of plants in fertile and well aired soil are thicker and fibrous when compared to sandy, barren or slimy and clayey soil whose underneath is watery. Roots of the plants that grow in sandy, slimy and clayey soil have a few twigs on sideways or as have a small root close to the stem. While in sandy soils, roots have the tendency to be close to the deep, they are closer to surface and broader in clayey and slimy soil. Trees growing in soil which don’t have any stone or other obstructive substances can be more easily transferred. It is very difficult to transfer trees from wet and slant soil to empty fields vertically (Harris, 1983). There may be some difficulties in removing plants from slant soils to smooth fields. In these cases, one part of the soil is higher than the other part which obstructs the adaptation of plant to smooth soil. The field of transplantation shouldn’t be too slimy or dry in order to use the transplantation devices properly and make a successful transplantation. Sidewalks, cables, wires, pipes and natural gas piping systems cause difficulties in removing and planting the plants. In such cases, helicopters are used for plantation and removing processes.
Most of the planting spaces in cities are rather harmful for newly transplanted big plants. Paved roads, structuring cause increase in air temperature and radiation density. Buildings can cause wind tunnels and airflow corridors. These circumstances can make it difficult for newly transplanted plants to get enough water. Regular irrigation and proper weeding can be useful for these kinds of plants (Harris, 1983).