Roots and stems

### Fully hardy ## Can survive in mild regions/sheltered sites J Protect from frost

Carrots

Many shapes, sizes, and colors available, mostly suitable for containers. Needs free-draining soil. Can be sown year round, some under cover, for an almost continuous crop.

Care: Sow directly in soil. Grow onions with them to deter carrot rust flies.

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Garlic

Easy to grow as long as you remember two key things: water and food. Needs free-draining soil. Bulbs need a period of cold, so best planted in fall.

Care: Water and feed well when leaves start to grow. Cut off flowering stems for bigger bulbs.

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Leeks

Versatile winter vegetable. Can be used when young and mini, or as mature plants. Good to have during fall/ winter when little else is harvested.

Care: Best started in seed flats or modules, then transplanted into holes pre-filled with water in potting mix.

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Onions

Easy to grow, and can be white or red—the latter is sweeter and perfect for salads. Onions are low-maintenance, take up little space, and store well.

Care: Grow from sets (special baby onions) in spring for harvesting from late summer into fall.

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Parsnips

Lovely fall vegetable—tastes even sweeter when they have had some frost. Comes in creamy or all-white varieties. Leaves die back in winter, but plants can be left in the ground until harvested.

Care: Sow direct in soil and keep well watered. Needs free-draining soil.

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Potatoes

A huge variety available: large for baked potatoes or smaller new or salad crops. Need space—they will grow in special large bags—and soil needs to be rich.

Care: Plant seed potatoes in spring and regularly mound earth on top of plants to keep them out of the light.

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Also try… Elephant Garlic, Green Onions, Jerusalem Artichokes, Kohlrabi, Pickling Onions, Rutabagas, Shallots, Sweet Potatoes,