Constructions of Drawers

Depending on the dimensions, the drawer can be used to store small items of a low mass, as well as large and heavy things. The drawers of office furniture (Fig. 4.69)

Fig. 4.67 Constructions of sliding doors: a in grooves in the top, b in runners screwed to the top, c in mortise runners in the board, d on the upper reel and lower runner and e on reels

Fig. 4.68 An example of fitting louvered doors in the body of a furniture piece

Fig. 4.69 Construction of a metal drawer

should be characterised by high durability to static loads and guarantee the full extension of the container beyond the outline of the furniture piece. The basic design of a drawer is made of metal, and only the front and back is made indi­vidually by the manufacturer, from wood or chipboard. Home furniture and, in particular, furniture for DIY assembly are fitted with folding-type drawers, made of a front, bottom and strips of sides and a rear wall (Fig. 4.70).

Furniture made of wood requires the use of solid solutions and the best materials. In the subassemblages of case furniture, the fronts of drawers constitute a frame panel subassemblage, and the side walls and rear wall are made from wood or plywood, connected inseparably with dowel, spline or single covered mortise and tenon joints (Fig. 4.70).

Elements connecting the drawer (case) with the body of the furniture piece and at the same time ensuring its extension are runners made from wood, metal or plastic. They can connect the container from the bottom, from the side wall, and from the top at the edge of the side wall (Fig. 4.71).