Cultural models for designing new wilderness also demonstrate another principle of design by contrast, that between informal vegetation and a border. An aesthetic perception of informal vegetation is only possible if its border is linear or regular. Examples of this design concept are the linear edges of the informal vegetation of the bosquet areas of Baroque parks. However, it can also be seen in modern designs of urban brownfields. For example, the linear pathways of the Natur-Park Schoneberger Sudgelande in Berlin form linear borders to the adjacent areas of wild vegetation.
A design for wilderness that establishes a contrast between the informal vegetation of new wilderness and man-made objects or a regular pattern also reflects the symbolic meanings of the cultural concept of wilderness. As well the design refers to the images that were developed in the arts and literature. It enables associations to history and therefore leads to new images of wilderness. Below, the question of whether design concepts are necessary for public acceptance of wildness in the (peri-urban) landscape will be discussed. The following section shows potential functions of new wilderness there.
Potential functions of new wilderness in the peri-urban landscape
The purpose of new wilderness in the peri-urban landscape is mainly determined by contemporary functions of the peri-urban landscape, which have little to do with the functions of the former rural landscape. They are a result of the function open space has for sustainable regional development in the future. This section shows some of these functions which have potential for new wilderness: places for ecological functions and leisure activities, local production of resources and the creation of an identity for the peri-urban landscape.