Rubber and Elastomers

Wallace Carothers and a team at DuPont, building on work begun in Germany earlier in the twentieth century, developed synthetic rubber in 1930, though natural rubber was har­vested in Peru many centuries earlier. Synthetic rubber is called neoprene, a substance more resistant to oil, gasoline, and ozone than natural rubber. It is also used as an adhesive and as a sealant in industrial uses. Neoprene can be purchased as a soft foam (neoprene 10-20) as well as a hard synthetic rubber (neoprene 60-70).

Rubber and Elastomers

Figure 7.51 Teneride, designed by Mario Bellini (1970), manufac­tured by Cassina. Photography by Jim Postell, 2011.

 

Rubber and Elastomers

Figure 7.52 LCP Chaise (Low Chair Plastic), designed by Maarten Van Severen (2000), manufactured by Kartell. 19 inches wide; 31% inches deep; 27% inches high; 12 inches seat height. Photography copyright © William A. Yokel, 2005.

 

Figure 7.54 Stacked MYTO chairs, designed by Konstantin Grcic (2007), are made Figure 7.53 Bad-Tempered chair, designed by Ron Arad (2002), from BASF Ultradur (a high-speed plastic), manufactured by Plank Collezioni Srl.,

manufactured by Kartell. Photography by Jim Postell, 2006. Italy. Photography by Jim Postell, 2011.

 

Rubber and ElastomersRubber and Elastomers

Rubber in furniture is generally reserved for wheels, bumpers, and mats. Natural rubber is an excellent, inexpensive, general-purpose elasto­mer. Some furnishings employ elastomers and rubber as an integrative and substantial material (Figure 7.55).