A mosaic of different dynamics: the Natur-Park Schoneberger Sudgelande

In the near future, ongoing succession would have led to the complete re­forestation of the Schoneberger Sudgelande (Fig. 8). Instead, the decision was made to maintain the rich diversity of form through maintenance and development measures. In certain areas, a few “ruderal woodlands” are to be given over entirely to succession to represent “urban wilderness”.

With various maintenance interventions, the planners of the group Oko – Con and Planland have created different stages of succession in neighbor­ing parts of the site (see also Kowarik and Langer 2005). Phases of succes­sion that normally would be experienced over the course of time, can be experienced here as one moves from one space to another. A path leads the visitor through the heterogeneous spaces of the nature park. In this way, as one moves through the space the mosaic of succession stages is experi­enced as a time sequence (Fig. 9).

Mosaic of different dynamics and ordering of heterogeneous spaces along a path

Different dynamics through graduated

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Process is reset

Process is stopped

Process is stopped

Process is delayed

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Spatial juxtaposition of different stages of succession

Подпись: vegetaton Подпись: Bmi anH A mosaic of different dynamics: the Natur-Park Schoneberger Sudgelande A mosaic of different dynamics: the Natur-Park Schoneberger Sudgelande A mosaic of different dynamics: the Natur-Park Schoneberger Sudgelande

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Idealized typical organized m chronologic al order

Movement throug the space

lime lapse

Fig. 9. Stages of succession, maintained by various interventions, are created in neighbouring spaces. The phases of succession that normally would be experi­enced over the course of time, can be experienced here as one moves from one space to another. As one moves through the space the mosaic of succession stages is experienced as a time sequence (after Grosse-Bachle 2003).

The natural dynamics of the Sudgelande are slowed, the succession de­layed.

• In the area of the grasslands and tall shrubs, time seems to be stopped by a cyclical recreation of a particular state.

• In the grove-like stands of trees, time is slowed, succession is directed.

• In the wooded areas, the rate of the natural processes is undisturbed and corresponds to the inherent dynamics of the stand (Fig. 9).

image89 A mosaic of different dynamics: the Natur-Park Schoneberger Sudgelande
image88

The spatial qualities of the site are highlighted with design interventions that serve to illustrate the value of the site. Elements of the infrastructure, such as industrial relics, viewing points and rest areas are concentrated along an iron “boardwalk”, that only comes into contact with sensitive vegetation in a few spots. By bundling the functions in a single setting, large areas are kept free from intervention and space for undisturbed de­velopment is created (Fig. 10).

Fig. 10. Bringing together natural processes and guiding interventions: In neighboring spaces, the differing intensity of maintenance measures creates a cy­clical dynamic, a directed dynamic or a dynamic indirectly influenced through use. In the “ruderal wild woodland”, the process continues undisturbed (after Grosse-Bachle 2003).

A new vision for the urban landscapes of regions in decline

The search for new strategies for designing with the dynamics of plants will acquire greater meaning in the future. One of the most important tasks of landscape architecture will be the development of new visions for the urban landscape of declining regions. In this context the question of how to create suitable, cost effective and aesthetically valuable designs using vegetation will acquire increasing relevance. For many wastelands, par­ticularly coal and steel industrial sites, the most ecologically sensible and aesthetically appealing solution is to allow vegetation to grow on its own. For financial reasons, this is also often the only possible way.