New wilderness as a dynamic secondary wilderness

The character of new wilderness in the peri-urban landscape is different from the original wilderness of nature of former times. As a product of functional changes, it is a secondary wilderness that shows remnants and traces of former cultivation. It consists of a variety of species and has a specific structure. As it is also a result of continuous internal changes, its appearance and structure are not stable, especially at the beginning.

Different types of wilderness

The new wilderness of peri-urban landscapes will display distinctive quali­ties in its different types of vegetation and structure that not only reflect its former use, but that relate to its contemporary function. The new wilder­ness will range from dense woodlands to pastoral landscapes with “wild” character.

The appearance of wildness through vegetation management

Although new wilderness vegetation in the peri-urban landscape will seem “wild”, in most cases it will not grow uncontrolled but will be a result of vegetation management. Today, vegetation management is focused on de­veloping habitats for ecological goals. In the future it will be even more specific as it will be aimed at various purposes. Therefore it will produce different types of vegetation. Most concepts for vegetation management will also have to find a way to provide small profits to finance the meas­ures. Several types of extensive use (e. g. extensive pastures) will be neces­sary for this goal, which will also lead to different types of new wilderness in the landscape.